CACHE Level 3 Certificate in Supporting Teaching and Learning in School
TDA 3.2 Schools as Organisations
1. The Structure of education from early years to post compulsory education.
1.1 Summarise the entitlement and provision for early years education.
Early year education is an entitlement for all 3 and 4 year olds in England. This was introduced as part of the Every Child Matters agenda and the Childcare Act 2006.
The entitlement is for up to 12.5 hours per week for 38 weeks of the year. Local authorities are funded by the government to ensure that every child receives up to two years of free education before school age. There is no parental financial contribution ...view middle of the document...
Trust schools, whilst also a type of foundation school, will have formed a formed a charitable trust with an outside partner, quite often a business. Any support services a Trust school requires will have to be bought in. The governing body along with the parents, can make the decision to become a trust school.
Voluntary schools are divided into two types
voluntary aided schools
voluntary controlled schools
Voluntary Aided Schools, whilst premarily being religious or faith school, are ran by their own governing body just like a foundation school, and anyone can apply for a place. The buildings and and are usually owned by a religious organisation or charity. Funding will come from the governing body, the charity and the local authority. The local authority will also provide support services.
Voluntary Controlled Schools are run and funded by the local authority, who will also employ the staff and provide support services. A charity, often a religious organisation will own the land and buildings.
Independent schools - These are funded by fees paid by the parents, with income also coming from investments, gifts and charitable endowments. This means most will have a charitable status and that they can claim tax exemption. Independent schools do not have to follow the National Curriculum and the Head Teacher and the governors decide on the admissions criteria and policy. They are also obliged to register with the Department for Education so that they can be monitored on a regular basis.
Academies have usually been set up by sponsors from businesses. During 2010 the government gave communities more opportunities to be involved in ginving schools academy status. Academies have more freedom than state schools, although they do have close links with the local authority
1.3 Explain the post -16 options for young people and adults.
Traditionally the opportunities for pupils over 16 years have been to leave school and gain employment or to continue with their education. Whilst most over 16’s do follow one of these paths, an increase in government funding and focus, for the education of 14 - 19 yr olds means that more opportunities will be made available.
The “September Guarantee” was implemented in 2007 nationally by the last Labour government. The government guarantees that by the end of September of the year that each young person leaves compulsory education they will have a place in further learning available to them. This was later extended so that 17 yr olds who have completed a short course or who have chosen to leave the activity they selected on completing school, will have the opportunity to extend their learning.
The guarantee under the last Labour government stated:
Full or part-time education in school, college, independent learning provider or further education (FE) college
an apprenticeship or programme led apprenticeship which must include a training element and job or work placement