Cabling Design, Standards, Codes and Definitions
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a non-profit organization whose membership is made up of over 1,400 private companies and government organizations. ANSI facilitates the development of national standards by accrediting the procedures of the organizations that develop the standards. In order to gain ANSI approval, the document must be developed by a cross-section of both manufacturers and end users. ANSI is also a founding member of the ISO.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an organization of many national specifications bodies from over 160 countries and is based in Geneva, Switzerland. The ...view middle of the document...
Its membership consists of over 1,100 telecom and electronics companies that provide services, materials, and products throughout the world. TIA has many different committees, or divisions, that will develop certain specifications and may work with other committees to contribute to a single specification.
The Insulated Cable Engineers Association (ICEA) develops cable standards for the electric power, control, and telecom industries. It seeks to ensure safe, economical, and efficient cable systems utilizing proven state-of-the-art materials and concepts. The ICEA plays a very important role in the ANSI/TIA standards for cabling infrastructure. TIA references ICEA specification many times for fiber and copper cables to specify design, physical performance and construction for cables. ICEA has four semi-autonomous sections: the Power, Control and Instrumentation, Portable, and Communications Cable. They also have two active major Committees: the Telecom Wire and Cable Standards and Utility Power Cable Standards.
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) is the world leader on fire prevention and safety, and helps to protect people property, and the environment from fire damage. They do this by providing and advocating consensus codes and standards, research, training, and education. NFPA develops, publishes, and disseminates more than 300 consensus codes and standards intended to minimize the possibility and effects of fire and other risks (NFPA Org., 2015). NFPA is responsible for developing and publishing the National Electrical Code (NEC), which has two sections related to cabling: Articles 725 and 800.
The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) helps to promote the standardization of cables, power wires and electrical components. The specifications created and NEMA encourage interoperability between products by different manufacturers. NEMA consists of over 400 member companies that manufacture products that generate, transmit, distribute and control electricity.
The FCC (Federal Communication Commission) was developed by the U.S. government to regulate electrical-communication systems originating in the U.S. This includes communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable. They are the primary authority for communications laws, regulations and innovations. The FCC maintains regulations relating to premises cabling and equipment covered in FCC Part 68.
The Underwriters Laboratories (UL) certifies, validates, tests, inspects, audits, advises and educates and provides the knowledge and expertise to help customers navigate growing complexities across the supply chain from compliance and regulatory issues to trade challenges and market access. UL is not directly involved with cabling specifications, it tests cable manufacturers’ products to ensure their safety.
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) promotes international standards and cooperation among its membership on all matters...