Byzantine Empire (As Written By Thomas Garguillo)

1060 words - 5 pages

| | |

Byzantine Empire
330 C.E. to 1453 C.E.

--- Only in the eastern Mediterranean did a classical empire survive. The
eastern half of the Roman empire, known as the Byzantine empire, withstood the various problems that brought down other classical societies and survived for almost a millennium after the collapse of the western Roman empire in the fifth century C.E.

--- The Byzantine empire was a political and economic powerhouse of the
postclassical era. Until the twelfth century, Byzantine authority dominated the wealthy and productive ...view middle of the document...

The city kept
the name Constantinople until 1453 C.E., when it fell to the Ottoman Turks,
who renamed it Istanbul.

--- The Byzantine empire originated as the eastern half of the classical Roman
empire, which survived the collapse of the western Roman empire in the fifth
century C.E. In its early days the Byzantine empire embraced Greece, the
Balkan region, Anatolia, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, and northeast Africa.

--- The most important feature of the Byzantine state was tightly centralized
rule that concentrated power in the hands of a highly exalted emperor. This
characteristic was noticeable already in the time of Constantine, who built his
new capital to lavish standards. He filled it with libraries, museums, and artistic
treasures, and he constructed magnificent marble palaces, churches, baths, and
public buildings.

--- Constantine also set a precedent by hedging his rule with an aura of divinity.
As protector of the Christians and a baptized Christian himself, Constantine
could not claim the divine status that some of his imperial predecessors had
sought to appropriate. As the first Christian emperor, however, Constantine
claimed divine favor and sanction for his rule. He intervened in theological
disputes and used his political position to support views that he considered
orthodox and condemn those that he regarded as heretical. Constantine initiated
a policy that historians call “caesaropapism.”

--- Even dress and court etiquette drew attention to the lofty status of Byzantine
rulers. The emperors wore heavily bejeweled crowns and dressed in
magnificent silk robes dyed a dark, rich purple – a color reserved for imperial
use and strictly forbidden to those not associated with the ruling house.

--- The most important of the early Byzantine emperors was Justinian (527 – 565 C.E.), an energetic and tireless worker known to his subjects as “the sleepless emperor,” who profoundly influenced the development of the Byzantine empire with the aid of his ambitious wife Theodora.

--- Like Constantine, Justinian lavished resources on the imperial capital. During the early years of his rule, riots against high taxes had destroyed much of Constantinople. After Theodora persuaded him to deploy the imperial army and quash the disturbances, Justinian embarked on an ambitious construction program that thoroughly remade the city. The most notable building erected during this campaign was the church of Hagia Sophia, a magnificent domed structure that later became a...

Other Papers Like Byzantine Empire (as Written by Thomas Garguillo)

“Why Byzantine Economy Remained One of the Most Powerful in Europe Through Early Middle Ages?”

2068 words - 9 pages . Throughout the fourth and sixth centuries, long-distance trade was operating successfully, until the plague appeared, which killed around one-third of the citizens in the Byzantine Empire, and ruined the trade networks. The Byzantine economy had recovered in the tenth century, and Italian merchants contributed to its steady growth in the Mediteranian through the tenth and eleventh centuries (Katz 27-39). To begin, the decades of instability as well as

Videotape Paper

635 words - 3 pages explained how Christianity spread throughout the Holy Land and beyond. He talked about how the Christians were persecuted in the Roman Empire for practicing their beliefs. He then talked about the Byzantine Empire. He talked about how after the Roman Empire in the west was destroyed the Empire in the east survived and became known as the Byzantine Empire. Professor Butler then goes on to say how Emperor Constantine built his new capital city

Suleiman I "The Magnificent" The Ottoman Ruler

1619 words - 7 pages Ottomans faced conflicts against other small Muslim states but by the 1400s, they managed to extend their influence into most of Anatolia, parts of Europe, Macedonia, Bulgeria, and into the Byzantine Empire. In 1402, the Ottomans moved their capital to Edirne in Europe, where they became a threat to the end of the Byzantine Empire.The Ottomans yearned to conquer Constantinople because it would be the downfall of the Byzantine Empire and it would

Early Roman History

970 words - 4 pages recognized 27 men as emperor. Supported by the Roman legions, many others laid claim to the title. The succession of short terms were finally stopped by Diocletian, who established the last of the republican liberties. The Senate was now no more than the city council of Rome. Diocletian also took the first step toward dividing the Empire: he ruled the East and turned over the rule of the west to an associate. The decline of Rome was complete when

Early Arab Conquests

1228 words - 5 pages . The tribes join back one by one, and are eventually forgiven. Byzantine Empire and Sasanid Persian Empire will both fall in the Middle East under the Islamic Ummah. Abu Bakr sets the pace for growth and expansion, then the next Caliph, Umar (r. 634-644) would continue the legacy. He will also publicly forgive the defecting tribes and enlist them back into the army. It took longer to take down the Persian empire. The Arabs leave no trace of

Hagia Sophia

919 words - 4 pages Thomas F.X. Noble. The Hagia Sophia design constructed by combining three basilical plans with the dome plan design (Hagia Sophia: The Place of Holy Wisdom). The structure was based on Byzantine Empire with a combination of Early Greek and Roman style along with Asian/Oriental influences (Hagia Sophia: The Place of Holy Wisdom). The construction of the large dome was on a square base rather than having a vaulted roof (192). The arches and spires

Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Empire

2116 words - 9 pages (Pitman III). Count Baldwin was named as emperor of the Latin Empire by the crusaders in 1204 (Pitman III). In 1261 the Latin Empire was on the run from Michael Palaologus who reinstated the Byzantine Empire as a Balkin state, however the empire was much smaller and weaker (Pitman III). From the ruins of these wars the Ottoman Empire emerged (Pitman III). The Ottoman Empire was one of the few who made a successful transition to the use of

Whh Vocab

769 words - 4 pages Byzantine Empire, the emperor, who also moved the capital to Byzantine 13. Hagia Sophia- the greatest Christian building in the Byzantine empire The Middle Ages 1. Carolingian Dynasty- Frankish rulers who held power near present day Germany and France, originated by Charlemagne and later Charles Martel, 2/3 major C’s of the time- Clovis was the 3rd 2. Charlemagne- Crowned emperor by pope Leo III on Christmas Day because of his actions to protect

Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire

908 words - 4 pages massive amount of land and established a new capital city in the eastern half at Byzantium. The city was his “New Rome” and was later named Constantinople (the "city of Constantine"). Empress Theodora was one of the most powerful women of late antiquity. She helped keep her husband, Emperor Justinian, in power and trained soldiers to meet the strength of the Byzantine Empire in the 6th century C.E. as the western part of the Empire collapsed

Byzantine Institutions

3417 words - 14 pages concerned, for it brought the Court and the Church, the two main sources of patronage, into the orbit of a new and distinct culture, in part Greek and in part Eastern. The Sack of Rome by barbarian Goths in 410 is also an important date, as is the year 476, when the last of the independent Roman emperors ceased to rule in the West. But more vital for art than all these was the reign of Justinian ( 527-65), for then the new Byzantine Empire was

Religion and Warfare

1828 words - 8 pages the world (Backman).  While there have been mujtahids (Islamic scholars) who have argued that Jihad is not supposed to include aggressive warfare, they have written their treatises in places such as Syria, Eastern Anatolia, and Mesopotamia, all of which were wrenched violently from the Persian or Byzantine Empires. While much of the Western half of the Roman empire has been returned to Christian rule (with the complete exception of North Africa

Related Essays

How Does The Author Emphasize This As A Turning Point For Winston? From 'nineteen Eighty Four' Written By George Orwell

784 words - 4 pages . Another effect created by the direct speech is a personal connection between O' Brien and Winston, the former taking immense personal pride in the work that he does. The change here also represents the change about to occur in Winston as he becomes another robot-like figure.This passage differs from the rest of the booking in a number of ways. The tone of Orwell's writing voice is a fairly unassuming one, explicitly stating things throughout the novel

3 Pages On The Byzantine Empire And The Slavs

931 words - 4 pages some rights.Most Byzantines made a living through farming, herding, and working as laborers. Farmers paid a lot of taxes to support the government. The Byzantine Empire mainly focused on agriculture. The major production in Byzantine was weaving silk. The Byzantine Empire continued for almost 1000 years after the collapse of the Western Empire in A.D.476. Byzantine art and architecture arose in part as a response to the needs of the Eastern, or

Henslin Essay

1912 words - 8 pages Christianity managed there. - In the 6th century, the Byzantine Empire restored rule of Italy, Spain, and Missionaries sent from Ireland help to convert England to Christianity in the 6th century restoring that faith as the dominant in Western Europe. * Disadvantage: * Monks is leader the mission if Gaelic monasteries into West Europe during the Middle Ages, and it establishing in Northern Britain and then it go through

Book Report

1413 words - 6 pages manuscripts, literature - Rise of boyars (aristocrats) • Kievan Decline - Decline began in 12th CE - Influenced by Byzantine decline - Mongol invasions (1237-1238) and (1240-1241)- Tartars o Mongol Yoke - Orthodox Christianity and Russian culture remain --- third Rome (Moscow) - Russia reemerged as a state in 15th CE • Global Connections - Byzantine Empire o Participated actively in interregional trade