LP 5 Assignment: Lipid Panels Case Study
Lipids: also known as fats, play many important roles in your body, from providing energy to producing hormones. You won’t be able to digest and absorb food properly without lipids. Of course, eating more fat than you need can lead to weight gain, but in proper amounts lipids are a healthy part of your diet.
For example; bacon, sausage, and luncheon meats; whole, low-fat and reduced -fat milk, cream, butter, cheeses made with cream, egg yolk, fried foods, pastries, avocado, and nuts.
Triglycerides: is composed of three fatty acids attached to a framework of glycerol. Glycerol is derived from a water-soluble carbohydrate. Fatty acids are organic compounds of carbon atoms to which hydrogen atoms are attached.
For examples: meats, Coconut, Palm oil, Butter, Egg yolks, Canola oil, Olive oil, Nuts, Sardines,
Avocados, Soybeans, Sunflower oil, Soybean oils, ...view middle of the document...
Identify the meanings of different lipids panel information.
HDL, LDL, Triglycerides
HDL: high density lipoprotein (good) that carry cholesterol from cells to the liver for eHventual excretion.
LDL: low density lipoprotein (bad) carry blood cholesterol to the cells.
Triglycerides: combination of fatty acids and glycerol.
HDL- cholesterol teams up with protein to get through the blood vessel. HDL a high density lipoprotein made up (another word for fat) and protein has more protein than fat and appears to carry the cholesterol it contains to the liver for excretion, HDL cholesterol is known as the good cholesterol.
LDL- cholesterol is a low density lipoprotein (more fat, less protein). The cholesterol it contains is carried to the tissues and may be deposited into the blood vessels, which causes plaque formation. It is desire to have LDL cholesterol of less than 100 mg/dl. The LDL number is always larger than the HDL number.
Triglycerides: are composed of three (tri) fatty acids attached to a framework of glycerol, hence their name.
* High blood pressure (hypertension)
High blood pressure has long been recognized as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Studies report a positive association between hypertension and insulin resistance. When patients have bot hypertension and diabetes, which is a common combination, their risk for cardiovascular disease doubles.
Abnormal cholesterol and high triglycerides.
Patients with diabetes often have unhealthy cholesterol levels including high LDL, (bad) cholesterol, low-HDL (good) cholesterol, and high triglycerides.
This triad of poor lipid counts often occurs in patients with premature coronary heart disease. It is also characteristic of a lipid disorder associate with insulin resistance called thermogenic dyslipidemia or diabetic dyslipidemia in those patients with diabetes.
Research indicates that monounsaturated fats lower the amount of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (bad cholesterol) in the body, but only when they replace saturated fats in one’s diet. They have no effect on high-density lipoproteins(HDLs) (good cholesterol).