For the modern business ethics are a priori questions of corporate social responsibility. Opinion that the financial well-being of the least compels her to ethical behavior, is fundamentally wrong, the very life and business practice postulated the following statement: "Good ethics is good business." Otherwise, a negative reaction on the part of customers and partners will inevitably lead to a significant reduction in the profitability of the company, and widely disseminated by the media unsavory reputation will lead to a lack of any credibility. Nobel Prize winner Milton Friedman wrote that "the true role of business! "PICs in its use of energy and resources in activities designed to ...view middle of the document...
Discussion of business ethics is based on an ethic of personal relationships.
The word "ethics" of Greek origin and literally means "habit", "character", "character". Ethics as a philosophical category was defined by Aristotle. This philosophical direction he dedicated the work "Big ethics", "Nicomachean Ethics", "Evdemova Ethics", where considered the sources, nature of morality, justice, supreme good, the meaning of life, and much drugogo.25 For Business Ethics, Aristotle taught intelligent behavior and umerennost.26
Ethics have dedicated works of many philosophers, among them Plato, Aquinas, Hegel, Feuerbach. Despite the differences in views, they determined the object of study of ethics morals. Most philosophies basis of morality was considered the highest good (Plato), the absolute idea (Hegel), the divine law, which has a special role in the study of theology, ethics, and the best ethical guidance at all times considered a "golden rule" that is common to the Old and New Testaments, as well as most religions, prescribing to behave towards others as we would like them to treat nam.27
At certain stages of the history of religion showed a negative attitude to business.
Was particularly merciless to any method of "making money" medieval Catholic theology. "Christ gave to the merchants and traders of advice that they gave up trade, and followed him," - says David J. Vogel. Protestantism hallowed pursuit of profit, and its canons, "Only by working, it was possible to serve God, but definitely increase the wealth of the glory of God by the proper use of wealth ... Hard worker is less attractive to the devil, and the reward financial success was interpreted as a sign of God's arrangement of "28 Protestant theologian of the XVI century. Calvin even interpreted financial success as a grace from above. It was during the Reformation, a successful businessman was considered a "moral person".
However, the assertion that the Protestant work ethic contributed to the development of special zeal, diligence, hard work, the representatives of the countries practicing it is a myth. The magazine "Business-Inform" gives the following results of studies of British special international agency for Social Research. "The average workweek of workers, employees and employers is 44.9 hours in Germany and 42.4 hours in Italy. Thus, the difference between Protestants and Catholics work is 2.5 hours a week. In Britain, working 42 hours a week that either destroys the theory that either makes them honorary Latins.
These examples with figures do not take into account that the Germans had paid more holidays than the Italians and the British. Including vacation, the Germans an average of 39 paid holidays per year, compared to 33 of the Italians and the British 34. Thus, although the Germans have a longer working week, but themselves weeks less.
The farther you move to the south, the more unreliable statistics to estimate the duration of labor. In Italy, the underground...