Ethical dilemmas are prevalent in all areas of life. In each helping profession, ethical guidelines and codes require that professionals act morally and in the best interest of the client. As a prospective counseling psychologist, I would need keen judgment to recognize and professional skills to handle an ethical dilemma. This paper details my personal experience of an ethical dilemma while working as a case manger. My objective is to identify the setting of the ethical dilemma, the ethical principles that apply to the dilemma, and how the dilemma was and should have been handled.
Ethics defined is “How people try to live their lives according to a standard of ‘right’ or ‘wrong’ ...view middle of the document...
Then identify key ethical theories like, Consequentialist theories: Egoism, Utilitarianism, and Non-consequentialist theories: Kant, Ethic of Care and Virtue Ethics. Equipped with these theories, moral standards and principles, I should be able to go through the process and come to a reasonable ethical response and prove that Alice should keep the information confidential.
Ethical Cultural Relativism
I will begin with defining Ethical Cultural Relativism. Ethical Cultural Relativism is an ethical theory that denies the existence of universal moral truths. It claims that right and wrong must be defined variously, based on differences in cultural norms and ideas. It specifically states moral right and wrong are “relative to” one’s society and time in history, not absolute across time and cultures (Pen,19) Ethical Cultural Relativist believes in three major ideas. The first idea is, “there is no higher truth in ethics above and beyond cultural habit and social customs”. In other words, ethics is invented not discovered. The second idea is, “morality is nothing more than a social invention that suppresses a group’s value system, and this value system can vary over time and place”. In other words, there is no one true value system and ethical objection is wrong. The third and last idea is, “ethical truth is culturally relative.” In other words, what is really true in one culture is really true for it, but it may be false in other cultures.
The first thing an Ethical Cultural Relativist would say is, all cultures are different not right or wrong. If one culture believes in slavery it would not be right nor wrong it would just be different. That particular culture would act in that manner because of where and how they grew up. Maybe throughout time the idea of slavery for the culture would change, but for now it does not matter because an Ethical Cultural Relativist cannot judge them since they believe there is no ultimate morality. After someone understands the idea of no ultimate morality, I would go on and explain another example of how an Ethical Cultural Relativist would view other cultures. The second way an Ethical Cultural Relativist would view another culture is by being tolerant.
Old testament Ethics
How we live our lives is governed by ethics. Ethics is "human moral
conduct according to principles of what is good or right to do." Our ethical
values today descend primarily from a Christian ethic in which "a truly ethical
decision, we are told, must be spontaneous, undirected, free - the individual's
unfettered and uncoerced response to each new decision-demanding situation."
The ethical values of today, especially Christian ethics, borrow...