How are High Performance Teams Created?
A well known theory of team building is Tuckman’s group developmental model. In this model, there are four stages of team development:
• Forming – The initial stage of team development where team members meet each other or a newly hired employee. This phase is characterized by the new team member wanting to be accepted into the group.
• Storming – An often ...view middle of the document...
• Norming – Some teams never make it to this phase. In Norming, the team members learn to work with each other and the competition between the team members begins to subside.
• Performing – When the team finally begins to appreciate each other’s input and truly help each other towards a common goal, the team is now in the Performing phase. The quality of work continues to continuously increase to higher levels.
This model demonstrates the phases in basic team building. So what is the difference between a team that reached the performing phase and a high performing team? Teams in the performing phase are characterized by synergy, that is, the team operates at a higher level than the sum of the individual contributors. In a high performance team, a high level synergy is present that is a result of a truly collaborative environment where the team is able to share and refine each other’s ideas without ego or trust issues hurting the process. This level of performance fosters mentorship of junior employees, innovation, and high morale among team members.