BULLYING PROBLEM IN A NIGERIAN SECONDARY SCHOOL:
AN EDUCATIONAL MANGER’S SOLUTION
Bullying problem is pervasive and a serious concern for all stakeholders of education who desire to make school climate a safe haven. This paper is thus moved by this desire, to identify bullying and prevalence of bullying among secondary school students in Nigeria as a matter of urgent attention.
The paper brings into concrete terms, bullying situation in Hibiscus College (pseudonym) a secondary school in Nigeria and prescribes a series of decision making process for solving the problem. These include, provision of helping services for schools; sensitization and capacity building of ...view middle of the document...
Despite the increasing rate of violence in schools, the society still expects that the school should be a safe place for students.
Violence as defined by the World Health Organisation (2002, as cited in Federal Ministry of Education, 2007), is the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group of community that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, mal-development or deprivation. In this definition, there is a very strong correlation between intentionality and committing of an act itself, irrespective of the outcome it produces. This definition also excludes any unintentional incident, such as road traffic injuries and burns (Federal Ministry of Education, 2007). Violence broadly speaking includes any condition or act that creates a climate in which the individual feels fear or intimidation in addition to being victims of assault, theft or vandalism. This, as a matter of fact, is becoming a growing problem in our schools.
School violence wears many faces. It includes gang activity, locker theft, bullying and intimidation, gun use, assault, just about anything that produces a sufferer or victim. Specifically, students these days physically, mentally or verbally abuse one another. Thus, the use of guns, knives and other dangerous weapons has become very rampant in schools, e.g. students/pupils shooting incidents in the United States of America. Meanwhile, physical or psychological abuses are now more common than ever in Nigerian school system (Aluede, 2006; Fajoju, 2009; Federal Ministry of Education, 2007). Therefore, the main interest of this paper is to concisely put in perspective the meaning of school violence in the context of bullying, the prevalence of bullying in Hibiscus College and strategies for the management of bullying problems in Nigerian secondary schools, thereby proffering solution through decision-making process.
Meaning of Bullying Behaviour
Bullying is a pervasive problem in schools that affects a lot of students. In recent times, it is becoming a bigger crisis with vicious consequences. Bullying is not just a child’s play, but a terrifying experience many school children face everyday (Aluede, 2006; Beran, 2005; Craig, 1998; Thornbery, 2010). As Beran (2005) further noted, in spite of school officials, teachers, parents and students exerting great efforts to make schools friendlier and safer places, a reduction of bullying is not always evident, as threats of attacks in schools often leading to breakdown of rules and orders are often the case in many Nigerian schools.
The multifaceted nature of bullying has made its definition a complex task, as no single definition can cover all aspects of bullying. Notwithstanding, bullying is a form of aggression, a particular kind of violence to which students are exposed. It is a form of social interaction in which a more dominant individual...