ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural
July 20, 2011
The Btsisi are considered a horticultural society. Horticultural societies were those that produced food. Unlike the Foraging society who collected wild grains and animals as their first stage of food production, â€œhorticulturalists differ from foragers in their dependence on domesticated plants for most of their food energy. Horticulturalists may still collect wild foods and hunt even as they cultivate, but by and large their sustenance depends on domesticated plants.â€ (Nowak & Laird, 2010).
â€œBtsisi' traditionally practice village exogamy; in other words, the bride and groom come from different ...view middle of the document...
Men, on the other hand, had greater knowledge of animal behavior, so they became involved in animal domestication. So, in the majority of horticultural societies, we find women playing a central role in cultivation activities. Anthropologists argue that as in foraging societies, women's central role in horticultural production provides them with cultural value and decisionâ€“making authorityâ€ (Nowak & Laird, 2010).
There are many examples of how the kinship system impacts the way the Btsisi culture behave, the way they think the way act and the way they live. First off, the Btsisi people allow themselves to act as a team, â€œcooperation between the husband and wife is culturally valuedâ€. There are no economic specialists. The woman is as much valued as the man. As stated above, â€œWomen's knowledge of plants, of where they grew, of what kinds of soil they liked, what kind of drainage, how much sun or shade, and so on, was greater than men's knowledge, since women were more regularly involved in gathering plantsâ€. This tells us that within the Btsis relationship there was no hierarchy so it made a difference in how they lived. One of the examples that (Nowak...