Breast Cancer Prevention Essay

1553 words - 7 pages

BREAST CANCER PREVENTION 1

Breast Cancer Prevention

Venita Conley

University of Phoenix

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Breast Cancer Prevention

Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in women at the age of 45-50. The number of women diagnosed with breast cancer increases every year, but if detected early, the survival rate is better. Breast cancer can also occur in men, but is less common. Breast cancer in men can happen at any age, but is most common in men between the ages of 60 and 70 years old. Statistics ...view middle of the document...

The diagnosis of breast cancer is identified by the type of cancer and the stage of the cancer. There are five stages of breast cancer. The five stages are: stage 0 – abnormal cells have not spread
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outside of the ducts, stage 1 – the cancer is not larger than two centimeters and have not spread to the lymph nodes, stage 2 – the cancer is not larger than two centimeters and has spread up to three underarm lymph nodes, stage 3 – tumor is larger than two centimeters, but smaller than five centimeters and have spread up to nine lymph nodes, stage 4 – the cancer has spread to other parts of the body such as the brain, lungs, skeletal system, or lymph nodes next to the collarbone. The prognosis depends on the type and stage of breast cancer you may be suffering from. (SymptomFind.com, 2012)
There are many risk factors involved in detecting breast cancer. They include being a woman, your age, genetics, and environmental factors. It is believed that if there is a family history of breast cancer, you are likely to inherit these genes. Women with close relatives that have been diagnosed with breast cancer have a higher risk of developing breast cancer. Other risk factors such as age, race, never giving birth, treatment with radiation therapy to the breast/chest, not breastfeeding, being older at the birth of your first child, starting menopause at a later ages, being younger when you had your menstrual period, and gender have all been linked to breast cancer. There are some risk factors that we as women can control such as weight, diet, exercise, smoking, alcohol consumption, stress and anxiety, and the use of oral contraceptives. If we as women would choose a healthy life style, we can make sure that our breast cancer risk is as low as possible.
Women have often wondered what the symptoms of breast cancer are. Early breast cancer does not cause pain. The first sign of breast cancer is a painless lump. Other symptoms may not be noticed until the cancer has become more advanced. The symptoms of breast cancer are a
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change in how the breast or nipple feels, a change in how the breast or nipple looks, nipple discharge, swelling of all or part of the breast, a lump in the underarm area, breast pain, and skin irritation or dimpling. Breast cancer symptoms vary, and some women have no symptoms. If any of these symptoms occurs, a person should see a doctor as soon as possible.
There are many treatment options for breast cancer. The treatment options include medication, surgery, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and radiation that can help patients with breast cancer. The treatment that you will receive depends...

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