Breast Cancer Diagnosis: The Psychosocial And Educational Needs

1206 words - 5 pages

What are the psychosocial and educational needs of a breast cancer patient?
In the United States, breast cancer is the most common form of cancer that women are diagnosed with (Stephens, Osowski, Fidale, & Spagnoli, 2008). Those diagnosed tend to go through stages of fear, disbelief, shock, and sadness. “Nurses can improve the quality of care for women with breast cancer and their families by providing additional support services and post-treatment information during the initial education and follow-up call”(Stephens, Osowski, Fidale, & Spagnoli, 2008). Psychosocial issues can interfere with the patient’s ability to cope with their treatment and may cause anxiety, panic, vulnerability, ...view middle of the document...

Deficient knowledge related to breast cancer education may also be evident. Another aspect of diagnosis and treatment was the need for clarity of information. “Women explained they had trouble 'focusing' after receiving information and of different interpretations about what they had heard”(Coyne, & Borbasi, 2009). Anxiety may be present because of the patients’ future concerns, upcoming treatments, and family issues. Fear may also be an issue related to the risk for lymphedema and future recurrence of breast cancer in the other breast or metastasis to other areas of the body. Body image disturbance will be a diagnosis for patients electing to have a lumpectomy or a mastectomy, and those who develop lymphedema.
Because breast cancer patients do not have a lot of preparatory time before surgery, they need a lot of psychosocial support and education. Building rapport with these patients is a key element to gaining their trust and helping them understand their diagnosis and treatment options. Many women obtained their information, which they used to help make their surgical decisions, from the interactions with the AOCN (Advanced Oncology Certified Nurse) and surgeons during their surgical consultation, later they reviewed the informational materials to further educate themselves (Lally, RM., 2009). Many women may be reluctant to ask information in regard to their diagnosis and treatment, therefore it is pertinent that the nurse ask questions such as, "What information can I provide?” or “How can I best help you at this time?" Using open-ended questions allows the patient to open up about their concerns.
Nurses should evaluate the patient’s response and develop a care plan based on the psychosocial and educational needs of the patient. Each patient is unique, such as one patient may be well-educated on breast cancer from a previous experience with a family member, and another may not have any knowledge since they have not had any experience with this disease. Another very important aspect to keep in mind is how this person accepts information. Do they understand what they are being told, or are they more receptive to watching informational videos or reading pamphlets on this material?
During consultations, nurses can derive from the patient their psychosocial needs as well. Asking questions about their concerns will open up the discussion where the nurse can identify their anxiety level, upcoming fears, body image issues, and coping strategies. Statistics from research show that 38% of respondents reported fear of recurrence as their greatest concern; 31% expressed anxiety regarding the operative and postoperative treatment; and 20% were concerned with their future (Stephens, Osowski, Fidale, & Spagnoli, 2008).
The nurse should monitor responses and body language while...

Other Papers Like Breast Cancer Diagnosis: The Psychosocial And Educational Needs

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Spiritual Needs Among Patients with Cancer and Family

1249 words - 5 pages Running head: PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS OF SPIRITUAL Prevalence and Associated Factors of Spiritual Needs Among Patients With Cancer and Family Caregiver December 11, 2011 Prevalence and Associated Factors of Spiritual Needs Among Patients With Cancer and Family Caregiver Problem Statement Identify cancer patients and their caregivers spiritual needs and measure the prevalence of these spiritual needs. The patients and their

The Laboratory Diagnosis and Management of Diabetic Coma

2015 words - 9 pages -diuretic hormone (ADH / vasopressin) which regulates water reabsorption in the kidneys. (Martin (2002)) Diabetes Mellitus (DM) has symptoms of polyuria, wasting and glycosuria (mellitus means 'sweet urine') as well as the following tests to give a laboratory diagnosis of DM: Venous plasma glucose >11.1 mmol / L or Fasting venous plasma glucose > 7.0 mmol / L or Plasma venous glucose concentration > 11.1 mmol / L two hours

Case Study: Dow Corning And The Silicone Breast Implant Controversy

2205 words - 9 pages IntroductionYears ago, women were inflicted with what medical experts referred to as breast ailment; a disease found within the female breast that inevitably caused death. As years past and knowledge grew, this ailment was later named, breast cancer. This unusual and at times fatal disease underwent years of medical research in order to find its cause and what many had hoped for, a cure. Medical experts where able to prove that the removal of

The Nature And Characteristics Of Educational Research

259 words - 2 pages The nature of educational research is analogous with the nature of research itself, which is systematic, reliable and valid to find the “truth”, investigates knowledge, and solves problems (William Wiersma, 1991). Moreover, educational research process involves steps to collect the information in order to investigate problems and knowledge. However, the educational research is more complex because it can use various approaches and strategies to

Explain the Issues of Reliability and Validity in the Classification and Diagnosis of Schizophrenia

829 words - 4 pages circumstances such as poverty and marital separation were controlled for there was no difference in the incidence of schizophrenia in the two groups. Inter-rater reliability of the diagnosis of Schizophrenia is also an issue in which needs to be considered when classifying and diagnosing Schizophrenia. Rosenham (1973) found that the reliability of schizophrenia diagnosis' were not `up to scratch'. Rosenham recruited 8 people and sent them to a

Radiation and Cancer: the Connection Between Cell Phone Use and Brain Cancer

1699 words - 7 pages Justin Thomas Research Paper ENGL 1302 P. K. Muana 3 January 2012 “Radiation and Cancer: The Connection between Cell Phone Use and Brain Cancer” According to a Baltimore neurologist, Christopher J. Newman, Motorola is the cause a life frightening tumor that has developed overtime in his brain. Newman sues Motorola for “a direct and proximate result of the defective and unreasonably dangerous condition of the relevant products

Describe the Similarities and Differences in the Way Identity Is Conceptualised by the Psychosocial Theory of Identity and the Social Identity Theory

1723 words - 7 pages Describe the similarities and differences in the way identity is conceptualised by the psychosocial theory of identity and the social identity theory. This paper looks at two identity theories, Psychosocial theory and The Social Identity Theory. Beginning with an overview of each, then discussing similarities and differences including the background of the researchers, their research methods and the evidence they found. Erik Erikson

Describe The Similarities And Differences In The Way Identity Is Conceptualised By The Psychosocial Theory Of Identity And Social Identity Theory

1896 words - 8 pages Part 1 Essay Describe the similarities and differences in the way identity is conceptualised by the psychosocial theory of identity and social identity theory. I will start this essay by explaining both theories, Psychosocial theory and Social Identity Theory mentioning what is understood by identity and answering my essay question describing their similarities and differences. Identity is a major area of study for

Childhood Cancer and the Effects on the Family Unit

3220 words - 13 pages A cancer diagnosis at any age can be devastating and scary, but when it is a child that is diagnosed the devastation is even more profound. The diagnosis is not just a diagnosis for the child; it is a diagnosis for the entire family. It will uniquely affect each member at the time of diagnosis, during the course of treatment, and during the survivorship phase and will have a direct effect on how they cope. Treatment for a childhood cancer can be

Needs Analysis: The Who, What, When And Where Of Training

1700 words - 7 pages Needs Analysis: The Who, What, When and Where of Training In a nutshell, (needs) analysis is the planning we do in order to figure out what to do. Allison Rossett, 1999 Needs analysis is the systematic basis for decisions about how to influence performance (Stout, 1995). This is where it all begins -- establishing relationships, exploring strategies, and defining solutions. The key is to seek the gap between the current situation

A Brief Look at the Causes and Effects of Cancer

1384 words - 6 pages hardly surprising. As with many diseases and ailments that plague the modern body, cancer can simply be chocked up to the result of years of less-than-healthy behaviors. Consuming a diet of processed foods, increased exposure to radiation and toxins, and refraining from frequent medical examination are all means to an end -- diagnosis of cancers of the lungs, brain, skin and so on. While there is no guarantee that adhering to a set of “healthyâ

Related Essays

The Business Of Breast Cancer And The Pink Ribbon

2682 words - 11 pages In the last twenty years a major evolution of marketing has occurred in relation to charity organizations. As businesses choose to utilize cause-related marketing as a profit strategy, a succession of consequences has occurred, calling for examination and discussion, specifically when dealing with breast cancer, which is popularly associated with the symbol of the pink ribbon. Breast cancer organizations and discussions about breast cancer

Computational Analysis Of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (Snps) Of Liver Cancer, Breast Cancer, And Lung Cancer

865 words - 4 pages Synopsis of Computational Analysis of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNPs) of Liver cancer, Breast cancer, and Lung cancer B.Sc Hons. Biotechnology Institute of Industrial Biotechnology GOVT.COLLEGE UNIVERSITY LHR. INTRODUCTION Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), present in the protein encoding regions of the genome can have a profound influence on the structure and function of a protein. Simply these

Cancer And The Body Essay

1667 words - 7 pages letter to indicate the size or extent of the primary tumor and the extent of the cancer spread. For example, breast cancer classified as T3 N2 M0 refers to a large tumor that has spread outside the breast to nearby lymph nodes, but not to other parts of the body. Prostate cancer T2 N0 M0 indicates the tumor is located only in the prostate and has not spread to the lymph nodes or any other part of the body. For many cancers, TNM combinations

Ethics And The Educational Leadership Essay

1989 words - 8 pages Ethics and the Educational Leadership: Student-Centered practice This research is the design, justification and proposal for change in the process of learning for the leaders, teachers and students. It highlights the need for ethics in the learning process and the results brought by adopting the student-centered education system. Its positive effects could be evidenced in the performance of individual students, teachers, schools and