Breast cancer is a growth of cancerous cells in the breast most common in woman, but it can occur in men. Breast cancer is caused when healthy tissue in the breast begins to grow abnormally, these cells grow and divide and create more abnormal cells forming a lump or tumor.
Breast tumors can be classified as either; benign – this is a tumor that grows in one place and may not cause a problem, and is considered non- cancerous. Malignant – these tumors are invasive and grow and spread to other parts of the body, these are the cancerous types of tumors. Most common types of breast cancer forms in the lobules (these are the glands that produce milk), or in the lining of the milk ducts.
Symptoms of breast cancer may be first noticed as a lump in the underarm or in the breast. The shape and size of the breast may change as well as the skin ...view middle of the document...
Seventy percent of all breast cancer is said to be sporadic, this means these are by random events, environmental factors or unknown factors.
The lifestyle choices made in our lives that would decrease our modifiable risk factors for this disease would be to.
* Exercise at least 45-60 minutes 5 times a week
* Avoid obesity – Studies have shown that women who have gained 55 pounds since menopause have a 1.45 times increased risk for breast cancer, over those who have maintained their weight since 18.
* Breastfed Infants – Those who have breast fed their children for a period of 2 years or longer, decreased the lifetime risk by almost 50%.
* High fiber diet- Following a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, and low in fat but high in fiber has been associated with a 9% decrease in breast cancer.
* Also woman who never have had children were at a greater risk for breast cancer.
* Woman who had their first child >30 were at greater risk.
* Hormone therapy – Woman who took hormone therapy for more than 5 years.
* Alcohol – Woman who consumed 2-5 alcoholic drinks daily
* Environmental exposure – Reducing your exposure to chemicals and use of tobacco
In today’s day and age of medical advancement and breast cancer research it is caught earlier than ever. But we need to make sure we are pro-active in our awareness of this disease and in our own self-examination of our bodies, we need to be diligent about doing self-breast exams and see our doctors regularly and having someone evaluate us if something doesn’t seem right.
Breast cancer statistics show that 1:8 woman will develop invasive breast cancer over the course of their lifetime. Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in woman- with just under 30% of cancer in woman is breast. In 2011 alone some 230,480 new cases of invasive breast cancer is expected to be diagnosed, and about 57,650 cases of non-invasive breast cancer
References : WWW.Breast Cancer .org. Breast cancer statistics. Page modified October 19, 2011