The Brain and Behavior
In this paper I will be discussing the contrasting roles of the temporal and frontal lobes on behavior. What types of behaviors the temporal and frontal lobes are responsible for, and finally what can possibly happen if there is any damage within these lobes.
According to the Merriam Webster online dictionary, the brain is an “organ of the body in the head that controls functions, movements, sensations, and thoughts.” (Merriam Webster, n.d.) The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain; and is divided into two hemispheres and four different lobes. Each lobe controls many major functions, behaviors, emotions, and feelings that we need and use in our everyday ...view middle of the document...
This cortex is essential for understanding language and the many different sounds that we hear. The temporal lobes are involved in speech, sexual behavior, memory, hearing, vision, and emotions. The temporal lobe is one of the four very important lobes located within the brain. According to Kendra Cherry, “the hippocampus is also located in the temporal lobe, which is why this portion of the brain is heavily associated with the formation of memories,” (Cherry, n.d.) and allows us to store and remember our visual memories both old and new.
Behaviors and Damage
Frontal lobe damages can be very severe, most injuries associated with lobes are caused by falls, car accidents, or even a gun shot. These damages are most often permanent, though treatment and rehabilitation are available and one can regain up to a certain degree of functions they had and utilized previously. Due to frontal lobe damage, one will have to re-learn behaviors, emotions, relationships, and everyday functions that were once basic human behavior.
Temporal lobe damage can be just as severe to human behavior. The effects of the damages are difficulty recalling visual stimuli; because of the inability to connect the visual stimuli familiar to the visual processing and interpretation areas. A very common symptom of severe temporal lobe damage is the inability to identify familiar objects, this is called visual agnosia. Impairment is prosopagnosia; this is the inability to recognize people’s faces and distinct features.
According to D. Coon and J. O. Mitterer, Wernicke’s area is the “temporal lobe brain area related to language comprehension.” (Coon & Mitterer, 2013) If the temporal lobe is damaged, it can result in a speech...