Bp Oil Spill Essay

2293 words - 10 pages

BP Oil Spill

Introduction

The United States consumes 19.5 million barrels of oil each day. (Rahman,K. Sabeel, 2011)
This demonstrates how dependent the American society is on fossil fuel. This need for large amount of oil to keep the economy moving is having serious environmental impact, particularly in areas where large off shore drilling platforms are located. Each year, approximately one billion gallons of oil is spilled in the ocean. The BP oil spill accident is just of the many oil spills that have occurred in the Gulf of Mexico. There are several events that led to this accident. Firstly was the last of control over the pressure in the well. This followed by the failure of the ...view middle of the document...

Anadarko Petroleum told BP that the clean up operation could take up to four years and that BP should foot the entire bill. The president of the US, President Obama at the time of the oil spill accident asked Secretary Chu to lead a team of administration officials and government scientist to Huston Texas for extensive dialogue with BP officials to find potential solutions. This request by the president for dialogue between government officials and BP officials was important because the president felt obligated to the American people, especially those directly affected by this disaster.

Economical Gaps Committed by BP

The economical gaps that contributed to the BP Oil Spill include engineering mistakes and management failures. The design of the cement slurry that was used to seal the bottom of the well was defective; however, this was not evident to the engineers who conducted the testing. The focus was on the negative pressure test, but no attention was paid to the cementing which proved to be not strong enough for the level of pressure. Another gap was the lack of knowledge of the personnel handling the well. Instead of leaving the drilling mud in place that could have helped protect the well and potentially prevent the blowout that cause the spill, the decision was made to remove the drilling mud.

There was some degree of oversight of the oil rigs; however, the oversight was inadequate. It was evident that BP was not paying sufficient attention to safe and sound operations of its oil rigs, but was relying solely of government inspections rather than getting a handle on the risks within its own operations. Another major gap was the failure of the industry to share best practices. (FDCHP Political Transcripts, 2010) BP had not planned on conducting cement bond log test to identify weaknesses in the cement. (Business Insider,2010). Instead, it stopped the testing on the lining of the oil well lining five days before the explosion, while keeping the oilfield testing firm Schlumberger on standby, according to NOLA[->0].

Other failures that contributed to the disaster were BP’s misconceptions that "a large oil spill" from a platform would not exceed a total of 1,500 barrels, a "deepwater spill, and “occurring” offshore of the inner Continental shelf" would not reach the coast, a large spill would likely total 4,600 barrels and would dissipate within 10 days without making landfall. (Washington Post, 2010) According to BP’s exploration plan for Lease 206 , the prospect of an oil spill was unlikely; therefore, it had had no plans outside of the regulatory requirements to “avoid, diminish or eliminate potential impacts on environmental resources." (Washington Post, 2010)
BP’s plan included an environmental impact analysis; however, it did not focus on any serious damage associated with an oil spill, as BP did not believe that its operations would lead to an oil spill. (Washington Post, 2010)

Engineering gaps that did not...

Other Papers Like Bp Oil Spill

Bp Oil Spill — Corporate Responsibility

874 words - 4 pages   On April 20th, 2010, the BP oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico exploded. This lead to 11 crew members died and caused large-scale oil pollution. The economic loss of ecological environment in Gulf of Mexico would up to several hundred billion dollars.   As the main person in charge, BP’s CEO, Tony Hayward, did not timely response to this oil spill event. And his inappropriate remarks and performance was even aroused great dissatisfaction among the

Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill and Bp Environmental Cleanup

5264 words - 22 pages Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill and BP Environmental Clean-Up Deb Schoenwether MGMT 312 Creativity & Innovation December 8, 2010 Submitted By: Joe Panayiotou Angela Merryfield Sonya Meggs Lisa Parker Kristi Mathews Introduction: (Lisa Parker) On April 20, 2010, an explosion occurred on an offshore drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico, killing 28 people. It was later found that the wellhead was damaged and was leaking oil from

Bp and the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill

791 words - 4 pages I’m going to discuss the problem at hand which is BP and the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill which caused so much damage to the environment and also huge economic losses within a short period of time among other damages. Meanwhile, the CEO, Tony Hayward’s response especially about a comment he made on air causes a stir and the fact that BP has got quite a poor safety record, heightened the reaction of the political and public to BP’s involvement in the

Bp Oil Spill

1001 words - 5 pages In reviewing the analysis presented from Food Chain, the data shows that the number of white employees was significantly higher than black employees. When looking at promotions it appears that the promotion rates are about equal between whites and blacks but the total number of white employees versus black employees distorts these numbers. Looking at the analysis less than 10% of the Food Chain employees are black with a less than 10% promotion

Situation Analysis and Strategic Recommendations of Bp After Oil Spill Disaster in Usa

3997 words - 16 pages Situation analysis and strategic recommendations of BP After oil spill disaster in USA Table of content: Introduction 3 Executive Summary 3 Approaches 3 Background of BP 3 BP in USA 3 PESTEL analysis of BP in USA 4 Political Environment 4 Economic Environment 5 Socio-cultural Environment 6 Technological Environment 7 Legal Environment

Bp & Deepwater Horizon

1331 words - 6 pages customers. (BP, 2015) One of the worst environmental disasters to occur during our time, and maybe history, is the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. As most remember, this 2010 disaster occurred as a result of fire and explosion aboard the Deepwater Horizon oil drilling platform in the Gulf of Mexico. Although the platform was owned and operated by offshore drilling contractor Transocean Limited, this event has become widely known as the BP oil

Using Teams in Production and Operations Management

1786 words - 8 pages across the nation. In April of 2010 a BP oil rig experienced a gas leak which subsequently lead to an explosion in the Gulf of Mexico (BP Oil Spill, 1996-2012). The tragic Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf raised awareness and consciousness of the detrimental effects of hazardous fuel secretions into natural water supplies. It had an adverse effect on those who lived there in regards to water, food, fuel and overall economic stability

Case Study Analysis

1156 words - 5 pages (Deepwater Horizon) leased by British Petroleum (BP) ignited and exploded spewing 42,000 gallons of oil a day into the Gulf. Two days later the rig sank increasing the spill rate to 210,000 gallons of oil a day. Analysis – Government intervention The U.S. Government named BP as the responsible party in the incident; BP was found negligent in communication and safety practices, the company was held accountable for all cleanup costs resulting from the

Did Bp's Ethical Culture Contribute to Gulf Coast Oil Spill Disaster?

581 words - 3 pages and others who depended on the Gulf for income. The aspects of BP’s ethical culture that contributed to the Gulf Coast oil spill are: BP did not have in place adequate safety measures. The rig did not have a remote control cut off switch. A BP official falsely informed Fox News after the incident that BP had successfully activated part of a failed blowout preventer, which was slowing the oil flow. This announcement turned out to be false as

Offshore Drilling

2720 words - 11 pages spill is not a very common incident. The last major offshore oil spill is the IXTOC I Oil Spill in 1979 (“IXTOC I”). Supporters may also argue that we have many methods to deal with an oil spill, such as burn the oil or use certain chemicals to remove the oil (“Clean Up”). In fact, BP did use both methods to clean up the oil. “By June 22, more than 225 controlled burns have been conducted that removed more than 9.3 million gallons of oil from the

Oil Spill

1281 words - 6 pages surrounded by an ocean, sea, gulf, lake, river, etc, the economy usually relies on the body of water for many things. In the Gulf of Mexico tourism, and fishing play a big role in the economy of the region. When a horrible event like the BP oil spill occurs, it tremendously hurts the areas hit by the spill. First, the oil hurts the fishing industry very badly. The damage caused by the spill was extensive to the marine and wildlife habitats. A lot

Related Essays

Bp Oil Spill Paper

1019 words - 5 pages As we all know, the BP spill of 2010 was both catastrophic and costly. In April 2010, BP’s Transocean drilling rig Deep water Horizon sank in the Gulf of Mexico killing over 10 people and spewing more than 200 million gallons of oil into our ocean water. This historic and devastating spill is now labeled as worst in U.S. history due to its crippling economic factors throughout Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida. It

Bp Oil Spill Essay

1101 words - 5 pages what efforts were put in by BP. BP has pumped $14 billion into the oil spill response and clean up. This alone shows that BP is doing all that it can to restore the area as quickly as possible. BP has also paid out $12.5 billion in claims and settlements. This shows that BP cares about not just the environment of the region but the people as well. British Petroleum goes even further and breaks down how much in claims were paid to individuals and

Bp Oil Spill Issue Essay

2712 words - 11 pages , BP is ranked on the FORTUNE as the first five global top 500 companies. Deepwater horizon oil spill and deepwater horizon explosion On 20th April, 2010, the Gulf of Mexico suffered a lot from a great catastrophe of oil spill. The drilling platform of the British Petroleum Corporation exploded in the deepwater horizon in the Gulf of Mexico which led to 11 workers death and very severe environment pollution. This event is regarded as the most

Bp Oil Spill Essay

3345 words - 14 pages BP and The Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill Jose Roberto Dominguez Dr. Ken Rossi MGMT 6000 A (CRN: 1535) September 20, 2015 Table of Contents Case Introduction and Background 3 BP or Industry Failure 4 Most Significant Flawed Decisions 5 Did BP lack the appropriate safety culture? 8 References 12 BP and The Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill Case Introduction and Background This particular case study created an abundance of unanswered