Borderline Personality Disorder Essay

609 words - 3 pages

When you look at a human you see whats on the outside, but on the inside 1.6 percent of humans ages 18 and older suffer from BPD (borderline personality disorder). Borderline personality disorder is a state of mind in which a persons emotions are unstable and unpredictable. BPD's history has been traced back to being found in mostly adolescence and early adulthood, in rare cases its seen in childhood. Most cases are not discovered until the age of 16 and 17. Eighty percent of BPD patients are women, and about one out of ten BPD patients commit suicide without failing.
When someone has BPD they tend to make impulsive actions. they have an unstable mood and chaotic relationships. In the general population of people around the world personality disorders affect 10% of those general population. The DSM-IV explains ten aspects of PD (Personality DIsorder), BPD is more of a clinical practice due to it being the most difficult and having troubling ...view middle of the document...

Listed below are the criteria:
"Diagnostic criteria for 301.83 Borderline Personality Disorder
(cautionary statement)
A pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five (or more) of the following:
(1) frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment.
Note: Do not include suicidal or self-mutilating behavior covered in Criterion 5.
(2) a pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation
(3) identity disturbance: markedly and persistently unstable self-image or sense of self
(4) impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self-damaging (e.g., spending, sex, Substance Abuse, reckless driving, binge eating).
Note: Do not include suicidal or self-mutilating behavior covered in Criterion 5.
(5) recurrent suicidal behavior, gestures, or threats, or self-mutilating behavior
(6) affective instability due to a marked reactivity of mood (e.g., intense episodic dysphoria, irritability, or anxiety usually lasting a few hours and only rarely more than a few days)
(7) chronic feelings of emptiness
(8) inappropriate, intense anger or difficulty controlling anger (e.g., frequent displays of temper, constant anger, recurrent physical fights)
(9) transient, stress-related paranoid ideation or severe dissociative symptoms."
Reprinted with permission from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth Edition. Copyright 1994 American Psychiatric Association
In 1975 a major advance in the field occured an article was published by John Gunderson and Margaret Singer relevant information on borderline personality disorder. The article also states the major characteristics of BPD. Gunderson also published a the specific research tool that enabled researchers in other places to use to validate the information on borderline personality disorder. After all the attention to the article borderline personality disorder appeared in the DSM-III as a for sure psychiatric diagnosis in 1980.

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