Booker T. Washington
Booker T. Washington was born on April 5th, 1856 in Hale's ford, Virginia. He was a African educator Author and Dominant leader. He was born into slavery. One day all the slaves were called to the house of their owner, James Burroughs. James read to them that they are now free. Booker's step-father, who was already in West Virginia, sent a wagon to bring the family to their new home. The trip took about a week and a half. Right after the move the family adopted a young orphan. All together there were four children living in the house, Booker, James, John, and Amanda.Book and his new brother made their way to Hampton Institute, and established to educate freedom. There is mother died that summer. Booker worked his way through studies as an assistant janitor and then later attended ...view middle of the document...
He was generally viewed as a credible proponent of education for freedom in the post-reconstruction, Jim Crow South. His "Atlanta Exposition" speech appealed to the middle class whites across the south, asking them to give blacks a chance to work and develop separately. Booker also helped establish the National Negro Business League. He was the president of the league and made sure the organization was concentrated on commercial issues and paid no attention to questions of African-American civil rights. As one of the most influential black men of his time, he had many critics. Many said that his conservative approach undermined the quest for racial equality. "In all things purely social we can be as separate as the fingers," he proposed to a biracial audience in his 1985 Atlanta Compromise address. "Yet one as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress." His technique arose for his need for support from elite whites. Some where even former slave owners. Booker T. Washington authored four books in his life time, The Story of my Life and Work in, Up From Slavery, My Larger Education, and The Man Farthest Down. His autobiography, Up From Slavery was a best seller. It had a major impact on the African-American community.
Washington died at the age of 59. He passed away in Tuskegee November 14th, 1915. Back then the cause of death was unclear, they thought it was from nervous exhaustion and arteriosclerosis. He wasburied on the campus of Tuskegee University near the University Chapel. Ninety years later, with the permission of the descendants, an examination was conducted and found the real cause of his death, Hypertension, with a blood pressure more than twice normal. Confirming what had long been suspected.
3. Http:// www.nps.gov/archive/bowa/btwbio.html