Black Women In America Essay

1239 words - 5 pages

Class Agenda 3/31/2009
1. Book Reviews Returned
2. Research Papers due April 2, 2009
3. Schedule for Mastery Quiz #5 Reflection Paper II
4. Today—Civil Rights Timeline
5. Library Articles – Hooks on Feminist Theory (2 Articles)
a. In Founder’s Library

Civil Rights Movement --- was the result of the work of countless people (mainly women) who believed in the doctrine, “democracy for all.” The issues that were at hand were social, economic, and political.

Main ideology--- was to fight against institutionalized racism and against 2 major ideologies: 1) separate races 2) white race was superior

Black Women in the Civil Rights Movement
Claudette Colvin
• Has been called "the ...view middle of the document...

" The order also creates the President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and opportunity in the Armed Services.

1954
The Supreme Court rules on the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans., unanimously agreeing that segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. The ruling paves the way for large-scale desegregation. The decision overturns the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson ruling that sanctioned "separate but equal" segregation of the races, ruling that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." It is a victory for NAACP attorney Thurgood Marshall, who will later return to the Supreme Court as the nation's first black justice.

1955
Aug.
Fourteen-year-old Chicagoan Emmett Till is visiting family in Mississippi when he is kidnapped, brutally beaten, shot, and dumped in the Tallahatchie River for allegedly whistling at a white woman. Two white men, J. W. Milam and Roy Bryant, are arrested for the murder and acquitted by an all-white jury. They later boast about committing the murder in a Look magazine interview. The case becomes a cause célèbre of the civil rights movement.

Dec. 1
(Montgomery, Ala.) NAACP member Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat at the front of the "colored section" of a bus to a white passenger, defying a southern custom of the time. In response to her arrest the Montgomery black community launches a bus boycott, which will last for more than a year, until the buses are desegregated Dec. 21, 1956. As newly elected president of the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA), Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., is instrumental in leading the boycott.

1957
Jan.–Feb.
Martin Luther King, Charles K. Steele, and Fred L. Shuttlesworth establish the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, of which King is made the first president. The SCLC becomes a major force in organizing the civil rights movement and bases its principles on nonviolence and civil disobedience. According to King, it is essential that the civil rights movement not sink to the level of the racists and “hatemongers” who oppose them: "We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline," he urges.
Sept.
(Little Rock, Ark.) Formerly all-white Central High School learns that integration is easier said than done. Nine black students are blocked from entering the school on the orders of Governor Orval Faubus. President Eisenhower sends federal troops and the National Guard to intervene on behalf of the students, who become known as the "Little Rock Nine."

1960
Feb. 1
(Greensboro, N.C.) Four black students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College begin a sit-in at a segregated Woolworth's lunch counter....

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