This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Birds Of Empire Essay

4279 words - 18 pages

Quintero Toro, Camilo. Birds of Empire, Birds of Nation: A history of Science, Economy, and Conservation in United States- Colombia Relations. Bogota: Universidad de los Andes, 2012.
This book seeks to answer these and other questions by focusing on the study in perception of Colombian birds from the late 19th century through the first half of the 20th century, as a pretext to analyze social, scientific and environmental relations between the United States and Colombia.
Understanding how ornithologists and collectors formed bird collections reveal s a rich story of international scientific relations and power structure throughout the 19th and 20th century.
Reconstructing ...view middle of the document...

The place of nature and science in making new connections between imperialism and nationalism in history is considered to be the main contribution of this book. Scholars of US scientific imperialism have convincingly made the argument that science and medicine were important allies in US expansion in the 20th century.
It is not my intention to argue that North America and global expansion in the 20th century has similar characteristics to formal European imperialism between the 16th and 19th centuries (although we should not forget that Puerto Rico, Cuba and the Philippines became formal North American colonies during this same period). It is, however, useful to think of the United States as an informal empire, especially when analyzing scientific and environmental relations.
The idea of looking at the United States as an empire is certainly not new in academia. Between the 1960s in the 80s several scholars, including the Wisconsin school headed by William Appleman Williams, as well as the so-called dependency theorists in Latin America, constantly explain the relationship between the United States and Latin America as Imperial. The studies argued that since the Latin American region has a strong economic dependence on the United States, North America had an enormous power to control the political and social course of the region. After all, during the first half of the 20th century, North America became Latin America's main economic partner, buying raw materials from its southern neighbors; selling them North America manufactured products, and loaning them money creating an ever-increasing foreign debts.
Although the perspective of these scholars is very helpful in counterbalancing the modernization theories of the 1950s, it was focused on the economic aspect, leaving aside other historical variable such as culture and society. Furthermore, the scholars analyze the history of North American international relations from a dichotomous perspective. They understood the relations between the United States and the world as a relationship between the oppressors and the oppressed without taking into account other levels of complexity that could not be clearly placed on one side or the other.
The idea of North American imperialism has been recently analyze under new perspectives influenced by cultural history. We now see the encounter between the United States and the world as more than a history of a relation between conquerors and subordinates or exporters and victims. Recent work has begun to look at any the many levels that characterized these encounters and the active role in different sectors of society play in them. In the Latin American case, North American's imperialism could also be labeled as “imperialism by invitation” because many Latin Americans welcomed the United States growing presence in the region in the 20th century. To be sure, the relationship between North America and Latin America were unbalanced and North Americans often...

Other Papers Like Birds of Empire

Same Sex Marriage Essay

693 words - 3 pages history.These same-sex unions continued until Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire. A law in the Theodosian Code was issued in 342 AD by the Christian emperors Constantius II and Constans, which prohibited same-sex marriage in ancient Rome and ordered that those who were so married were to be executed. Same-sex marital practices and rituals were more recognized in Mesopotamia than in ancient Egypt.In the ancient Assyrian

William Blake’s the Chimney Sweeper Essay

3752 words - 16 pages human condition in general. It outlines the major 'social evils' and the socio-economic problems of the time, condemning many powerful institutions, such as the Church, royalty, the new industries, and the military. It is a relatively unique poem, in that it takes such a negative and critical view of London, when at the time the city represented the pinnicle of technology, and was considered the centre of western culture and the British empire

American Pop Culture

4344 words - 18 pages : “I have read somewhere that in the Emperor’s palace at Byzantium was a tree made of gold and silver, and artificial birds that sang.” Undoubtedly the Emperor was Theophilus (829-842), and the birds conform to the descriptions of certain automata constructed for him by Leo Mathematicus and John Hlylilas. Cf. Hist. Byzan. Script post Theoph., Anon. Cont. Theoph., 107; Constantini Manassis, Brev. Hist., 107; and Michaeli Glycae, Annales, 292. See also Gibbon, Decline and Fall, Chapter LIII, and George Finlay, History of the Byzantine Empire (London, 1906), pp. 140, 148, where further references are given. ----------------------- Five Approaches of Literary Criticism

Mughal Miniature Paintings

3782 words - 16 pages Mughal Miniature Paintings The Mughal Empire was born under the reign of Emperor Babur in the early 16th century. He was a direct decedent of Timur and was affected by Persian culture, which significantly influenced his reign and those of the Mughal emperors that followed in the Indian subcontinent. Babur seized power of India from a previous Islamic dynasty known as the Lodis on his arrival from eastern Iran. Islamic rulers had a stronghold

Humour in P.G Wodehouse

2153 words - 9 pages more than seventy years and his many writings continue to be widely read. Despite the political and social upheavals that occurred during his life, much of which was spent in France and the United States, Wodehouse's main canvas remained that of pre-war English upper-class society, reflecting his birth, education, and youthful writing career. He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in the 1975 New Year Honours

The Digital Age

2362 words - 10 pages as “the first cybernetic empire” in the world, and points out how "from all over the globe the British collected information about the countries they were adding to their map. They took censuses, produced statistics. They made vast lists of birds... This paper shuffling ... required keeping track ... it required some kind of archive for it all."” However, it is difficult to compare the information gathering and indexing during that time period to

Film Analysis

1964 words - 8 pages Aymee Gonzalez Professor Susan Malmo HUM205 23 July 2016 Major Filmmaker and Major Works: Name of Filmmaker and Works Mel Brooks Biographical Information Brooks was born Melvin James Kaminsky on June 28, 1926, in Brooklyn, New York. His father's family were Jews from Danzig, Germany (present-day Gdańsk, Poland); his mother's family were Jews from Kyiv, in the Pale of Settlement of the Russian Empire (present-day Ukraine). He had three

For Millennia the Maya Lived in What Is Now the Lowlands of Guatemala

4859 words - 20 pages civilization at Teotihuacan, along with the empire it supported. Tikal becomes the largest city-state in Mesoamerica, with as many as 500,000 inhabitants within the city and its hinterland. 683 The Emperor Pacal dies at the age of 80 and is buried in the Temple of the Inscriptions at Palenque. Tikal 751 Long-standing Maya alliances begin to break down. Trade between Maya city-states declines, and inter-state conflict increases. 869 Construction

Wine - Historical Overview

4022 words - 17 pages . ALCOHOL IN PREHISTORIC SOCIETIES: There is ample evidence of small-scale fruit wine production during the Neolithic and possibly the Paleolithic Era (Stanislawski 1975: 429). Alcohol occurs naturally when fruits freeze and thaw repeatedly or when fruit accumulates under the right conditions, and many species of birds and primates alter their feeding behavior in order to access seasonal quantities of alcoholic fruits (Poo 1999

The Age of Pericles

2042 words - 9 pages , The Clouds, The Wasps, Peace, The Birds, Lysistrata, The Thesmophoriazusae, The Frogs, and The Ecclesiazusae Plutus. All these plays were usually performed at festivals to entertain people and please gods and goddesses. This was a major part in expanding their culture. (Notes) (Aird 62) (Ellis, Esler 117) (Greek Plays and Playwrights 1) Festival of Dionysius was a festival held to honor the Greek god Dionysius. The plays performed at these


2785 words - 12 pages statue of Pompey. Suetonius says a bird was seen carrying a sprig of laurel into the Hall of Pompey, pursued by other birds which destroyed it.The assassination does not reveal that Caesar received twenty-three stab wounds. The first blow was by Casca, not in the back as shown in the movie, but in the throat. The method used to burn Caesar's body in the forum is inaccurate as well. In reality, the crowds get out of control after viewing Caesar's

Related Essays

The Origins Of Roman Religion And Its Progress

3385 words - 14 pages The Origins of Roman Religion and Its Progress Introduction ============ Throughout the ages, beliefs have changed, advanced, and occasionally begun. In the time of Ancient Rome, the people began observing one religion; that which was similar to the Greeks; the pantheon. Through the Roman Empire, the worship of twelve central deities was observed carefully. The Romans themselves began all the beliefs contained

The Myth Of Romulus And Remus

1146 words - 5 pages (Garcia). Instead of the more common way to settle arguments back in ancient Roman times, the twins settled with the idea to refer to a form of prophecy that reviews birds to decide who the gods agree with. With Remus having declared he won because he saw six birds before Romulus’ twelve, this left them at a stalemate. Rather than continuously bickering with each other, Romulus began to construct walls around the hill he chose, being the Palatine

Acquisition By Notting Foods Inc Essay

1314 words - 6 pages Foods Inc. Growth of the chicken empire The picture in 2006 was very different from 1935 when John Notting first drove to Chicago to deliver a load of chickens that he sold at a profit of US$236. He used the money to pay off his debts and buy another load of birds. From these humble beginnings, a major food empire was born. Within a year, John Notting had extended his deliveries to five other major US centres. In 1967, the corporation went

Food In The Middle Ages Essay

1090 words - 5 pages started with the fall of the Roman Empire in the west in the fifth century. At the time of the fall of the Roman Empire and up to Henry VIII’s break with Rome food habits were closely related with religious practices (Black 8). Clerics made a large portion of the population for they included parish priests. Many people who made up the population were religious. At almost every meal especially feats it was commonplace to drink far too much