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Bipolar Disorders Essay

582 words - 3 pages

Bipolar Disorder
Pamela Anderson
Rasmussen College

Author’s Note
This assignment is being submitted on 02-16-14 for Jennifer Carlstrom HS 280 Abnormal Psychology course.

Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder resembles a person taking a ride on a roller coaster with many ups and downs in their moods. A person with Bipolar disorder is characterized with having a tendency to fluctuate between manic and depressive episodes. This paper will define each type of bipolar disorder, will show the main difference between each type and will explain how the fluctuation between manic and depressive episodes play a part in distinguishing between both types of bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder is classified into two types, bipolar I and bipolar II disorders. Bipolar I disorder has the following diagnostic criteria: “A presence or history of one or more major depressive episodes, a presence or history of at least one ...view middle of the document...

220). A full manic episode is when the individual is extremely wrapped up in their own excitement in the moment that they feel that their behavior is reasonable (Barlow & Durand, 2012). However, for the manic episode to be considered separate the individual must have a time span of at least 2 months between episodes (Barlow & Durand, 2012).
The individual having a full manic episode is the main criterion that distinguishes the difference between these two bipolar disorders, because only a bipolar II client will have manic episodes. In addition, a new study found that “patients diagnosed with a bipolar disorder have different neurocognitive profiles” (Simonsen et al., 2008, p. 245). Bipolar I patients were found to have “more widespread cognitive dysfunction both in pattern and magnitude, and a higher proportion has clinically significant cognitive impairments when compared to patients with bipolar II” (Simonsen et al., 2008, p. 245). This is suggesting that it is possible that patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder have neurobiological differences (Simonsen et al., 2008).
In conclusion, this paper shows that bipolar disorder is clearly defined by certain criteria and the presence of these criteria help to determine the bipolar disorder diagnosis. The absence or presence of manic and/or mixed episodes and their severity and length help to determine the type of bipolar disorder the individual has (Type I or Type II). Further research shows that patients diagnosed with Type I or Type II bipolar disorder have neurobiological differences as well. This should be able to help pinpoint more clearly the type of bipolar disorder an individual has.

References
Barlow, D. H., & Durand, V. M. (2012). Abnormal psychology: An integrative
     approach (6th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Simonsen, C., Sundet, K., Vaskinn, A., Birkenaes, A. B., Engh, J. A., Hansen, C.
     F., . . . Andreassen, O. A. (2008). Neurocognitive profiles in bipolar I
     and bipolar II disorder: differences in pattern and magnitude of
     dysfunction. Bipolar Disorders, 10(2), 245-255. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/
     j.1399-5618.2007.00492.x

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