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Biopsychology 340 Essay

1037 words - 5 pages

Biological Psychology Paper Individual Week 1
Psy 340

Biological Psychology Paper Individual Week 1

Since man first began to think, he asked the question of how, where, and why. Man wanted to know how and why the thought process occurred. We want to know where we actually live. Where is conscious thought? It was once believed that our thoughts and soul were housed in our hearts. As man began to understand and study the human body, these beliefs changed. We now know that every thought, emotion, belief, and impulse begins in the brain. The primary focus of biopsychology is to understand the mind versus brain relationship.
Biological psychology is a sub-field and combination of two ...view middle of the document...

When that rod disconnected the frontal lobe from the rest of the brain, Mr. Gage had his primitive brain unleashed. The impulse control of the frontal lobe was lost. This unfortunate but well publicized traumatic event helped further scientific research. Scientists study the physiological basis for behavior and how it applies to the brain and mind (Harlow, 1848).
Biological psychology, neuroscience, physiological psychology, evolutionary psychology and many of the other related fields of study all explore the body, mind, and brain. All of these fields have concern and study the connection of the mind/body/brain integration. Essentially, neuroscience or neuropsychology is involved in the study of the nervous system, how it works and how it manifests behaviors. The scientists involved with the functional physiological aspects of psychology may study the nervous system (brain and spinal cord) by performing experimental surgical procedures. Researchers examine the chemicals or neurotransmitters of the body. These chemicals help to transmit impulses that carry information to the nerves and organs of the body. Some pharmacological researchers test different medicines on subjects to evaluate their reactions. Other scientists conduct experiments on the behaviors of animals and people under certain situations. Researchers form hypothesis and conduct controlled experiments to analyze behaviors.
When we want to investigate the role of genetics in biopsychology then we may get involved with evolutionary psychology. Scientists want to know how our genes can translate to generate specific behaviors from the previous generation to the present generation. We know that Darwin proposed natural selection as a cornerstone of evolution (Darwin, 1859). As the fittest of the species pass along their best genetic material to their offspring, we wonder if this material can produce behavior in the next generation. Darwin was convinced that much of behavior was passed down from one generation to the next (Darwin, 1859).
In the nature versus nurture debate, biopsychology may be on the nature side of debate.. The nature side tries to explain how the genetic make-up of a person can manipulate his or her behavior. The premise in biopsychology is that the field of ...

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