This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Biomass Energy In Ruse Region Essay

7352 words - 30 pages

GENERAL OVERVIEW - BULGARIA

Current Status of Biomass Energy
There exists a large potential to utilize biomass as an energy source in Bulgaria. Bulgaria has a total land area of approximately 110,000 km2, of which some 6,200,000 ha, or approximately 60 percent of the overall land area, consists of arable and agriculture lands, and 3,903,000 ha, or approximately 30 percent, is forest cover. While information regarding the use and potential of biomass has been limited, there have been recent developments through pilot projects and preliminary evaluations that do begin to highlight Bulgaria’s full potential. Next to the country’s hydro resources, biomass accounts for a sizable share of ...view middle of the document...

There have also been numerous non- profit and non-governmental organizations that have
sprouted up in recent years. Organizations such as Sofia Energy Center whose involvement in OPET (Balkan Organizations for the Promotion of Energy Technologies) and FEMOPET (Follow Member of the Network of Organizations for Promotion of Energy Technologies), EnEffect, as well as the Black Sea Regional Energy Centre (BSREC) all maintain a significant interest into the development of biomass resources.

Biomass Energy Resource Potential
As a part of the National Energy Strategy till. 2020, utilization of the country’s renewable energy sources will be emphasized, as the push for a reduction of the reliance on foreign imported fuels will take precedence. In addition, the development and approval of the Energy Efficiency Act has also set the groundwork for the promotion and development of renewable energy projects in the upcoming years. It has also been stated that a National Energy Efficiency Review is in the developmental stage which will subsequently results in the drafting of an Action Plan that concentrates on the use of renewable energy sources. The Ministry of Environment and Waters has also been designated with certain responsibilities regarding the utilization of renewable energy resources that coincide with the reduction of environmental pollution. It is through these and other legislative instruments that the government has also made special allowances and incentives for the promotion of renewable energy project, which are noted in the proceeding sections.
Summarizing the existing number of studies the estimated theoretical potential of biomass is 3,608,000 t per year. The results of which do not consider consumption of rural residential heating and cooking purposes. In some researches made under PHARE program in the period of pre-accession 2002-2004 it has been estimated a total yearly potential for biomass generation as follows:

Fuelwood: 2 146 761 t
Woody waste: 942 232 t
Agricultural solid waste: 4 912 000 t
Agricultural liquid waste: 494 860 000 m3 (as biogas)
Biofuel: 60 000 t
Energy crops: 2 000 000 t

As per an assessment made by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development for the Renewable Energy Resources the following overview and identification of various sectors and the estimated potential of each might be done:

BIOMASS FROM SANITARY WOOD HARVESTING
Existing energy potential ~ 68 ,61,000 MWh/yr Estimated on the basis of:
- forested area: 3 329 000 ha
- sanitary harvesting rate: 1% per year
- efficiency of burning equipment: 75%

BIOMASS FROM ENERGY CROPS
Existing energy potential - N/A
Sufficient studies have not been completed

BIOMASS FROM INDUSTRIAL WASTES
Existing energy potential - wood processing
Industry ~ 1,100,000 MWh/yr
Estimated on the basis of:
- harvested wood material
- manufactured wood products
- imported wood material
- exported wood material
Utilized energy...

Other Papers Like Biomass Energy In Ruse Region

Renewable Energy Essay

3744 words - 15 pages of skilled employees 13 Geography 14 Renewable energy potential in Nigeria 16 Solar Energy 16 Wind Energy 17 Waste-to-energy 17 Biomass 17 Reference 19 INTRODUCTION There is higher demand for electricity in the country due to the high consumption and need for electricity, and this project is the plan to study the demand for renewable energy re- sources in Nigeria and to find out the main competitors and discover the best periods

Renewable Energy Essay

5103 words - 21 pages from solar, wind, ocean, hydropower, biomass, geothermal resources, and biofuels and hydrogen derived from renewable resources.” Renewable energy resources and significant opportunities for energy efficiency exist over the world. Compare to other traditional energy resources like fossil fuel, which are concentrated in a limited number of countries. The rapid development of renewable energy and energy efficiency, and the technological

Environmental Sustainability

1770 words - 8 pages other two forms of energy stated above. This type of pollution is very harmful to people, especially the ones who have asthma and respiratory problems. The impact of water quality uses a lot of water that is used produces the feedstock for the biomass such as energy crops. The water usage depends on the number of factors and the temperature. In my home, we use 487.2 KWH per year. The amount that my entire community uses altogether per year is

Biologyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

1019 words - 5 pages Harvesting solar energy as a source of power Photosynthetic microorganisms, such as micro-algae and cyanobacteria are able to harness low-intensity solar energy and store it as latent chemical energy in the biomass. This energy can then be released via biochemical conversion. The structural and storage carbohydrates in biomass have low energy content and it is necessary to concentrate the energy content further for fuel application. Anaerobic

Renewable Energy

655 words - 3 pages Biofuel | Hydro-Power | Solar-Power | Wind-Power | Hybrid Systems | Tradable Renewables | REFIT |   |   | | overview | The White Paper on Renewable Energy (2003) [PDF, 2.28MB] has set a target of 10 000GWh of energy to be produced from renewable energy sources (mainly from biomass, wind, solar and small-scale hydro) by 2013. Following Cabinet approval of the White Paper, the DoE proceeded with the development of its

Tilapia as Biofuel

1104 words - 5 pages the country’s dependence on fossil fuels which price depends on the international market. Both Biodiesel and Ethanol are clean, grow-your-own fuels that can be made onsite in villages or local communities from renewable, locally available resources, for the most part using simple equipment that a local workshop can make and maintain. These fuels are among a wide range sustainable local energy options. Others are methane

General Mills

7474 words - 30 pages system that will help meet present and future energy needs for electricity of households particularly those in remote places, where chances of having electricity connections are low. It proposes to generate electricity using biomass through the adoption of the principles of stirling engine. This technology would be practical and sustainable especially in areas that have abundant biomass. 1.2 Statement of the Problem The main problem of this

Alternative Energy Sources

1758 words - 8 pages . References Demirbas, A. (2010). Biorefineries: For Biomass Upgrading Facilities. Springer. Gamboa, G., Munda, G., & Russi, D. (2008). Tackling Local Conflicts Caused by Renewable Energy Reosurces: Lessons Learned from Real-World Case Studies. In. J. C. J. M. van der Bergh & F. R. Bruinsma (eds.). Managing the Transition to Renewable Energy: Theory and Practice from Local, Regional and Macro Perspectives. Edward

Energy Resource Plan

383 words - 2 pages spills pollute our ocean. Renewable resources include solar power, wind energy, biomass fermentation, tidal energy, and a few more. Renewable energy generates directly from the sun, wind, rain, and tides. The use of renewable technologies will help save money and boost our economy in the process. Here are a few methods to help conserve energy indoors: 1. Turn off the lights and electronics when they are not in use. 2

The Problem Of Resource Depletion

2271 words - 10 pages Zarina Nogaibayeva, 10B The Problem of Resource Depletion: Causes and Solutions People and other living beings depend on natural resources for food, shelter, and protection, as well as for generating energy and all the products we manufacture. With current consumption patterns, people are using these resources at an unsustainable rate. Many resources are at risk of becoming depleted, which can be understood in a term of resource depletion

International Accounting

1753 words - 8 pages Global Energy: Where Does it Come From? Source 1018 Joules/yr Percent of Total h The Great Energy Disparity 158 40.0 Coal* 92 23.2 ad e Petroleum* Natural Gas* Hydroelectric* 89 28.7 22.5 7.2 Nuclear Energy 26 6.6 Biomass (burning)* 1.6 0.4 0.5 0.13 Wind* Solar Direct* 0.13 0.03 0.03 0.008 2,000,000 then radiated away heh Geothermal Many countries in

Related Essays

Electricity Generation By Hybrid Biomass Power Plant From Waste For Bangladesh

4109 words - 17 pages Electricity Generation by Hybrid Biomass Power Plant From Waste For Bangladesh Md. Rakibul Islam Monshy Department of Electric Engineering & Computer Science North South University, Dhaka Abstract- Hybrid renewable Biomass Power is becoming popular for remote area power generation applications due to advances in renewable energy technologies and subsequent rise in prices of petroleum products. A hybrid energy system usually consists of two

Environmental Solid Biomass Fired Boiler In Pakistan

685 words - 3 pages and the remaining K to achieve a "straw - Fuel - fertilizer" in circulation. Therefore, solid biomass fired boiler in Pakistan is very popular. Energy-efficient: Biomass fired steam boiler structural break stereotypes, preheat the combustion of fuel into the first combustion, gasification secondary combustion (Smoke turn the fire), the fuel burn fully, without leaving Yuyan, maximum utilization of the calorific value of the fuel, the

Renewable Energy Resources Verses Oil Resources

2129 words - 9 pages has low carbon emissions and can also be built on a small scale, making it possible to supply energy to individual homes and even transportation vehicles ("Energy wise: Developing," 2005). Not only is biomass endless, it is available in any region and any country. As long as there is waste and plant life, there is the ability to harness that energy. Nuclear power is also another form of renewable energy. Many people fear nuclear power

Renewable Energy In India Essay

917 words - 4 pages taking place. The per capita consumption in India is in the region of 400 KWH per annum. In the ninth five year plan (1997-2002) energy strategy is divided into short term strategy, medium strategy and long term strategy. SHORT TERM STRATEGY •Administered pricing mechanism •Institutional reforms to be consolidated for deregulation •Optimum utilization of existing assets •Production systems to be made efficient, transmission and