GMOs, or genetically modified organisms, have been around for about 40 years now. A genetically modified organism is a plant or animal whose genes or “DNA” have been modified in such a way that the product is not naturally found in nature or through natural cross-breeding. Traditionally, the genes with the desired characteristic are introduced to the genes of the plant/animal that is being genetically modified. This results in a plant that is very similar to the original, but contains varying amounts of genetic change.
Many GMOs have been modified in such a way that they can withstand a certain kind of herbicide, or survive certain kinds of harsh climate conditions; while others ...view middle of the document...
In the United States, the FDA also encourages food producers to consult with them before they begin productions of their genetically modified products. While this is voluntary, many companies find it helpful in their production in terms of maintaining the standards that have been put in place to ensure the safety of consumers. It is not until the FDA has done its investigation on a certain product, and a safety assessment conducted by the developer has been approved by the FDA officials that a product is cleared to be put on the marked. In the safety assessment, developers must identify distinguishing attributes of new genetic traits, whether any new material in food made from the genetically modified product could be toxic or allergenic when eaten, and a comparison of the levels of nutrients in the genetically modified product to traditionally bred versions of the product in question (www.fda.gov).
The FDA makes a list of which products they have consulted on available at www.fda.gov.
On the flip side, organizations such the Non-GMO Project vehemently protest the production and consumption of genetically modified organisms. This side of the argument brings up issues with GMOS related to health, damage to the environment, and the violation of the rights of consumers and farmers. The protest of genetically modified organisms can be linked to the increased knowledge and awareness that more and more organisms are being modified, as opposed to previous years where it was relatively unknown that this was occurring.
Apparently, although they are widely produced and distributed, most developed nations do not consider GMOs to be safe. In more than 60 countries around the world, including Australia, Japan, and all of the countries in the European Union,...