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Biological And Humanistic Approaches To Personality

1129 words - 5 pages

Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality
Sophia Williams-Ivey
PSY/250
December 21, 2015
Anne Snyder

Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality
Throughout the movement of human psychology over the years, going back to the early 20th century we learned about the dominant theories then, such as psychoanalysis of Sigmund Freud, which suggest that sexual urges and aggression drive human beings. Secondly, the behaviorism that was done by J. Watson and B. F. Skinner, this study put human beings as programmed lab rats that only do or behave how they are told. There were a lot of controversy regarding these theories as the people argue that these were not credible ...view middle of the document...

The hierarchy of needs is as follows starting from the bottom or first level
• Basic or Physiological, according to Maslow, it is found on the first level and is considered our basic or short term needs, some of these need are food, water, warmth, and sex
• Safety is our need that is found on the second level. Our Safety needs are considered to be long-term such as security, order, and stability

• Love and belonging represent the third level of our needs, this relates to our social needs the urge or feeling that we want to be accepted by others around us and to establish long-lasting relationships

• Esteem this represents our fourth level of needs, as we look to our peers or social group, we would like to feel valuable and admired

• Self-actualization this is the fifth level of our needs where we have a longing to experience a deeper fulfillment by becoming aware or realizing our full human potential

• Self-Transcendence this is better known as ST, which is the highest level of our needs. At this level, we seek to experiences or unite with that of the supernatural being or to unite in the realm of the unknown

The different levels of needs are there to satisfy our different stages of needs. Our basic and safety needs are the two lowest level and are important to the physical survival of anyone. It is important to have our basic and safety needs satisfied, as this gives us the boldness to share ourselves with others and most of all gives us the motivation to accomplish things in the world. Always keep in mind that one has to feel safe in their surroundings to expand on their personality. It is Maslow believes that once our urges and social worth are met our desire is to take another step into the higher levels of self-actualization. Self-actualization is where we have the urge to explore and a deep hunger for growth instead of deficiency need. It is for us to explore our full potential and see how far we can go. (Friedman & Schustak, 2011, para. Chapter 5, 9).

Biological Factors that Influence the Formation of Personality
Even though there is no right or wrong definition of personality, I can safely say that personality is a model of permanent traits that is distinctive to an individual character that displays consistency and individuality to a person's behavioral pattern. The biological factors that influence the formation of personality are the brains, the genetic makeup, as well as our hormones (Friedman & Schustak, 2011, para. Chapter 9). According to...

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