Biography Of River Essay

1141 words - 5 pages

A BIOGAPHY OF RIVER

MASUD HASSA 09143886118

It is more important than ever to understand the economic, political
and cultural role of the River Nile. This book has been written in the belief that
such a mighty river, running from the heart of Africa to the Mediterranean and
crossing the borders of ten countries comprising more than 300 million people,
deserves an extensive, multidisciplinary bibliography, presenting in one book,
what has been said about her.
The Nile has intrigued people, historians and poets since the days of
Cheops up to the present day and will continue to be at the heart of ...view middle of the document...

Today the importance of the River Nile is more evident than ever, and
the way it is used and managed is the subject of heated debates among citizens
and political leaders in the entire Nile basin and beyond. Millions upon millions
look to the river for their drinking water, for the irrigation of crops, as a source of
power, and as an object of cultural veneration and pride. Governments are
preparing plans for further Nile control to secure development and growth, while
both local statesmen and international institutions are searching for diplomatic
solutions to avoid open conflicts about the sharing of Nile waters. If the Nile basin
countries are to pursue cooperation and develop a long-term legal and institutional
framework for river management, and thus reap the gains of cooperation and a
more shared water vision, the dissemination of information about the river to all
countries in the basin is crucial. This bibliography should ease the access to
literature on the Nile and help stimulate a Nile discourse which is based on solid
knowledge.
This bibliography is also thought to be of use to people interested in
the general history of the Nile valley, due to the importance of the river in
influencing and framing societal formations and political developments, and to
people interested in the history of water in general. Some of the most ambitious
water projects ever conceived by man have been planned and implemented in the
Nile basin. What was for a while the biggest reservoir in the world – the Aswan
Dam – came into operation in 1902. The Makwar Dam was finished in 1925 and
created the biggest cotton farm in the world, the Gezira scheme. The Jonglei
Canal project, first conceived at the end of the 19th century and the subject of
numerous official government plans since then, aimed at digging a "new Nile"
360 kilometers long around the swamps in the Southern Sudan, yet still the plan is
not implemented. The Aswan High Dam, Colonel Nasser's decisive imprint on the
modern history of the Nile and the Nile valley, created the biggest man-made lakeix
on earth, and was supposed to turn Egypt into the Japan of the Middle East. Plans
for reservoirs on Lake Tana in Ethiopia, put forward by the late Emperor Haile
Selassie, have been discussed for decades by His MajestyZs Government in
London, American firms, Egyptian kings and the Sudan government. And finally;
the dam building activities on Lake...

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