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Biography Of Giovanni Sammartini Essay

521 words - 3 pages

Giovanni Sammartini, son of a French oboist, was born in Milan, Italy in 1700. He received musical instruction from his father and ended up writing his first work in 1725, which consisted of a set of vocal works. A few years later and already famous, he acquired the position of maestro di cappella to the Congregation of the St. Entierro. As a composer and conductor, he contributed towards the founding of a modern style of instrumental music, but was also Italy’s most important symphonist during his musical career (Karadar Classical Music).In the 1730’s, Sammartini became famous as a church composer. He joined several churches and ended up writing music that was to be performed at ...view middle of the document...

It is regarded as his most significant period during which his compositions in the gallant style of music foreshadow the Classical era to come. Finally, there is the late period (1759-1774). The late period displays Classical influences like Mozart. The symphonies are longer and include more wind instruments (The World’s Leading Classical Label).I believe that Giovanni Sammartini was both an innovator and cultivator, especially when it came to the development of the symphony. Though he did not invent the form, he was the first composer to master it. His symphonies were driven by rhythm and a clearer form, particularly early sonata and rounded binary forms. His composition of symphonies also drew influence from the trio sonata and concerto forms, while other composers modeled symphonies after the Italian overture. At times, some of his works anticipated the direction of the Sturm and Drang style of the later classical era.Although most of Sammartini’s works are now lost and forgotten, he is still regarded as a prolific composer because of his three operas, chamber music, sonatas, cantatas, arias, and sacred choral music. He had not been restudied until 1913, and most of his surviving works have been recovered outside of Milan. As Italy’s most important symphonist during his musical career, he made major contributions towards what is now known as the classical era.References(n.d.). Composers. Retrieved May 23, 2007, fromhttp://www.naxos.com/composerinfo/2470.htm(n.d.). Giovanni Battista Sammartini. Retrieved May 24, 2007, fromhttp://www.karadar.com/dictionary/sammartini.html

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