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Biography Of Franciso Franco Essay

1043 words - 5 pages

In 1892 a man who would become the associate of Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini was born into the town of El Ferrol. The child's name was Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco Bahamonde, who later became known as Francisco Franco. This small Iberian town in which he was born was located on the northwestern coastline. The man's birth was the beginning of a new era for Spain, both prosperous and also disasterous.Franco's father was employed in the naval forces, and was often away on duty, leaving the burden of raising Franco, and his three siblings to his wife. Though he had wished to follow in his father's foot steps and join the navy, young Franco could no do so due to cut ...view middle of the document...

He was the youngest man to reach the rank of general since Napoleon I. He was well known as an accomplished officer.While Franco experienced prosperity, the rest of Spain was in a social, economical, and political upheaval. Peasants were unhappy with the extreme difficulty they experienced simply trying to break out of the extremely impoverished class. At the same time factory workers were angry because of the terrible working conditions. Eventually the government could no longer hold up, the monarchy collapsed, and King Alfonso XIII fell from power. A new military dictator steped in by the name of Miguel Primo de Rivera. His rule lasted for over ten years until it came to and abrupt end around 1930, at which time the second republic of Spain was formed.Many people were not pleased because of the new republic. There were loyal defenders of the Spanish Crown who clung to the old traditions. Amongst them was Franco. The new regime started to make changes in the military. One of its first steps was to shut down the General Military Academy in Zaragoza. The new regime's method's so displeased the officers of the military that by 1931 plots for a Coup D'etat was already underway.Franco, being a loyal officer to the government of Spain as long as it was legitimate refused to take part in any antigovernment actvities. In 1934 Franco received a position in the Ministry of War. At this point Franco was growing increasingly frustrated with the republic's coaliton of left-wing parties. In 1935 Franco was appointed chief of staff. In 1936 Franco had aligned himself with a group of right-wingers, who has plans to overthrow the government. Eventually civil war did break out and he commanded the Army of Africa in combat. Franco was given the title of Commander in Chief by the provisional military junta during that same year of 1936....

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