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Bilingual Education Essay

1104 words - 5 pages

Bilingual Education vs. ESL Instruction: What's the Difference?
When ESL students enter the school system they are given a Home Language Survey which is used to identify the potential students that may be eligible for the ESL program. Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS) and Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP) are used to assess each Limited English Proficient (LEP) student. BICS is the language we need in order to be able to socialize in a social setting. CALP is the language needed for a student to read, listen, speak, write and understand in all subject areas in school. Teachers can also use informal assessments, which can be viewed as ongoing assessments, as a tool ...view middle of the document...

I have never seen ESL done as a resource center which is a variation of the pull-out, but there is a variety of students with a variety of instructions and experiences. In this type of setting the student may be out of their regular class for more than one subject or class period. The lack of the native language being used and how ESL can be conducted demonstrates some of the differences between bilingual education and ESL.
Lau verses Nichols (1974) contributed to the spread of bilingual education, because not providing a student with an equal opportunity to be educated because of their lack of English is a discrimination because of their Limited English proficiency (LEP). Therefore, bilingual education uses the student native language and English in the classroom to teach a full curriculum. When instructions are given in the bilingual classroom they can be given in the student’s native language as well as English. Another difference between the bilingual educational classroom and the ESL classroom is the dynamics of the make-up of the classroom. In the bilingual classroom the class may consist of all ELL students, but can also include native English students who is learning a second language according the NABE.
There are different types of bilingual educational programs. The transitional educational program is the most common type and is usually offered to the ELL in the elementary grades. In the transitional program the student may receive some of their native language so they want fall behind in their content learning all while they are learning English. Another type of program is called maintenance, developmental, or late-exit bilingual education and is similar to the transitional educational program. Dual language or two-way immersion is a third type of bilingual education program. In this program ELL and English-speaking students are enrolled in the same program. Instructions in this program are given in two languages.
As I read several articles I begin to believe that bilingual education is still being taught in schools or at least in the schools were they have the highest numbers of non-English speaking students. However, most public schools in the United States uses the ESL instruction in our school systems. Funding is provided on the federal and state level of government through grants. There is some private funds available to help student provide the resources hat is...

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