Justice in a P.S.
Seeing Through the Lens of Biblical Justice
Biblical Justice has been one of the main topics that we have been discussing in our class lately. Biblical Justice involves making individuals, communities, and the creation whole, by supporting both goodness and impartiality. Biblical Justice stands at the center of true religion, according to the book of James, James believed that the kind of religion that God our Father accepts as pure and faultless is this: “to look after orphans and widows in their distress and to keep oneself from being polluted by the world” James 1:27. Proverbs 29:7 says, “The righteous care about justice for the poor, ...view middle of the document...
Contract is also another theory of justice. This philosophical theory of justice deals with the involvement of the parties involved to decide on the justness of the situation. John Rawls believed that social contract involved individuals understanding that justice is synonymous with fairness. Basically, it is individuals who enter into a social and political arrangement where they understand that the interests of justice are best served when there is a sense of fairness that underscores the configuration of both realities. This understanding of the social contract according to Rawls' works through the embrace of the veil of ignorance. This theory ensures that if individuals had no idea about where they were to fall into a social order, they would’ve made decisions that guaranteed those at the bottom would have some type of chance at success.
Given this, there would be a consideration that while individuals have freedom to do whatever they wish to improve their own lives, the social contract in which Rawls places faith in designing his conception of justice is one where individuals see that those at the bottom of society have some level of legitimate and genuine opportunity for happiness and success.
This theory connects with biblical justice because it allows us to come to and understanding and try to be fair as much as possible. The thing about this theory is that it deals with faith. Having faith that the situation will go the best way possible. Biblical Justice instructs up to have hope and faith so that things may go according to God’s plans. Entitlement is another theory of justice that can also be connected to Biblical Justice. Entitlement by Robert Nozick is the a theory of distributive justice which has to distributing goods that provide for the felt needs of individuals. This theory contrasts sharply with the social contract theory by John Rawls, which state that each person has an equal claim to basic rights and liberties, and that inequality should only be permitted to the degree that such inequality is "reasonably expected to be to everyone's advantage." Entitlement theory basically implies that "a distribution is just if everyone is entitled to the holdings of their possessions under the distribution."
Entitlement claims that we can tell whether the distribution of goods is just or not by looking at its history. If goods were acquired and distributed correctly, then the resulting distribution of goods is just. If they weren’t, then we have to ask whether the injustice was rectified according to the third principle. If so, then the resulting distribution is just and if not, then not. This theory to me reminds me of the biblical saying, “it’s better to give than to receive.” Biblical justice teaches us that helping others is always better than helping ourselves. Matthew (14:13-21) talks about Jesus feeding the five thousand. Jesus set a prime example of giving and not always receiving. He was happy to see his people doing...