April 22, 2013
Summary of the books of the Old Testament Books
The Book of Leviticus uses the genre of law. Israelites are told how and why they are to perform sacrificial offerings. There are three categories of these sacrificial offerings. They are consecratory, communal, and expiatory offerings. The Israelites used consecratory offerings to dedicate a person or thing to God. Sin was acknowledged by performing expiatory offerings. And they used communal offerings to allow communities to celebrate their thankfulness to God. During this time the priesthood began so the Israelites and God would have a mediator. These priests were the only ones ...view middle of the document...
Although they managed to take control of the land, they never fully conquered it. After taking control of the land it was divided among the different tribes. The leaders were gathered by Joshua and he reminded them to follow the Book of the Law of Moses. In essences he was saying good-bye.
The Book of Job is of the wisdom genre. According to the writings Job was a righteous man and rich man. There was a confrontation between God and Satan regarding Job’s faith in God. Satan was allowed by God to test Job by taking away his family, camels, sheep, and servants. And as we know, Job passed the test. Now to make things even better Job was tested again. This test was his health. During this time Job speaks to his three friends and curses the day he was born. They all have a lengthy conversation about why they think Job is being punished. Elihu became angry because of Job’s lack of faith in God. After God speaks to Job, Job repents. With Job’s repentance comes more advice from God. God advises them to sacrifice a burnt offering. After all of this God made Job prosperous and was given twice as much as he had before by God.
The Book of Jeremiah is of the prophecy genre. The Lord appointed Jeremiah as a prophet to the nations. During this time Israel is unfaithful and the city of Jerusalem is attacked. Jeremiah talks to the people of Judah and declares that the worshipping of false religions is worthless. The covenant has not been kept. Jeremiah complained about how the people responded and showed extreme concern about the spiritual state of the nation....