Behaviors to Reduce the Risk of HIV Infection
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the pathogen that destroys the body’s immune system allowing the development of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (Aids). Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (Aids) is a disorder of the human immune system in a person infected with HIV, characterized by severe breakdown of the immune system that leaves a person very susceptible to opportunistic infections. An opportunistic infection is an infection that would probably not have the opportunity to invade the body if a person’s immune system were healthy.
Ø A virus is one of the smallest pathogens that can cause disease. Like other ...view middle of the document...
Latex condoms have been shown to help reduce the risk of transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Ø Needle Transmission: Sharing needles to inject intravenous drugs if the most dangerous form of needle sharing. Even the needles used for tattooing and piercing ears.
Ø Mother-to-baby Transmission: If a female is infected before or during pregnancy, her child has about a one in three chance of being born with the HIV infection. She can also pass it while giving birth or while breast-feeding.
Ø Blood Transfusion: Because of blood screening there is little chance for infection through a blood transfusion. Also you cannot become infected from giving blood at a blood bank.
Ø Organ Transplant: Although it has happened, it is very unlikely in this day and age because of new and improved testing procedures.
Ways that HIV is NOT transmitted:
Ø Through everyday contact with infected people at school, work, home, or anywhere else.
Ø Touching clothes, phones, or toilet seats. It cannot be passed on by things like forks, cups, or other objects that someone has used.
Ø From eating food prepared by a person with HIV
Ø HIV is not transmitted by a mosquito bite.
Ø It also cannot be transmitted though lice, flies, or any other insect.
Ø You cannot transmit it from sweat or tears.
Ø It also cannot be transmitted though a kiss, although scientists are not sure about deep, prolonged, or open mouth kissing.
Testing for HIV
Ø The only way to know if you have HIV is...