Behavioral And Social/Cognitive Approaches To Forming Habits

756 words - 4 pages

Growing up as a child, and still today, I rub my face when I am happy, when I am sad when I am angry, basically I rub my face for any emotional moment that may occur in my life. When I do rub my face it is always in a series of three. For the first twelve years of my life I did not realize that I even did it, well I knew but it was a normal thing for me and I just figured everyone did it until one day my friend asked why do I rub my face. I was actually puzzled. I rub my face? It was then that I recognized that it was not a normal thing to do. Over the next few days I noticed that my mother did the same thing. When she was mad at something she would rub her face three times. If she ...view middle of the document...

Social Cognitive Theory's strong emphasis on one's cognitions suggests that the mind is an active force that constructs one's reality, selectively encodes information, performs behavior on the basis of values and expectations, and imposes structure on its own actions. Through feedback and reciprocity, a person's own reality is formed by the interaction of the environment and one's cognitions. In addition, cognitions change over time as a function of maturation and experience (i.e. attention span, memory, ability to form symbols, reasoning skills). It is through an understanding of the processes involved in one's construction of reality that enables human behavior to be understood, predicted, and changed (Dheimann 2003). With this theory it is not only my surroundings or environment (my mother) that cause me to pick up this habit, it is because she is my mother, someone with influence over my life, is the reason I rub my face like my mother did.
An operant conditioning approach...

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