Index is a statistical method of measuring change in an economy or security market as whole or in parts over time. Each index has its own calculation methodology and is usually expressed in terms of a change from a base value. Thus, the percentage change is more important than the actual numeric value.
Classification of Index
✔ Equity indices
• • • • • Broad market index Multi-market index Mult-market index with fundamental weighting Sector index Style index
✔ Fixed income indices ✔ Indices for alternative investment
• • • Commodity indexes Real estate indexes Hedge fund indexes
Index Weighting Methods
✔ Price Weighted Index: A stock index in which each stock influences the index in ...view middle of the document...
The smallest companies are given equal weight to the largest companies in an equal-weight index fund or portfolio. This allows all of the companies to be considered on an even playing field. ✔ Fundamentally Weighted Index: A type of equity index in which components are chosen based on fundamental criteria as opposed to market capitalization. Fundamentally-weighted indexes may be based on fundamental metrics such as revenue, dividend rates, earnings or book value. Proponents of these indexes claim that they are a more accurate aggregate measure of the market because market capitalization figures tend to overweight companies that are richly valued while underweight companies with low valuations.
How Many Indexes In DSE?
There are 3 Indexes. DSE Broad Index (DSEX), DS30, and DSEX Shariah Index (DSES)
The DSE General Index (DGEN)
It was introduced at DSE on November 24, 2001 as the main index of Dhaka Stock Exchange, later replaced with DSEX. The DGEN was introduced with a base point of 817.62 and is being omitted when it was 4342.31 points. Its calculation was faulty. The flawed computation of the index first came to light following the...