The Battle of Britain
SLC CLASS xx-xxx / x Platoon
SGL SFC X
8 SEPTEMBER 2013
I. DEFINE THE SUBJECT
The Battle of Britain began shortly after the fall of France was emanate and would eventually sign an armistice with Germany. This would allow Germany to focus squarely on Great Britain. In late May, 1941 Prime Minister Winston Churchill disregarded calls for peace talks with Hitler and said that Britain “would fight on” (“Churchill decides toll,” 2012). The Battle of Britain was during the time period of June, 1940 to May, 1941 with the heaviest fighting occurring from June to October, 1940. The Battle of Britain was a fierce air battle between the Germans and the British ...view middle of the document...
After the heaviest fighting that took place from July, 1940 to October, 1940 it had become clear that the British had won even though Germany continued to send bombers in until May, 1941. It was at this time Hitler postponed the “Operations Sealion” indefinitely since there was no way they could gain air superiority over the RAF and without it they would not be able to match the Royal Navy.
II. SETTING THE STAGE:
Shortly after becoming Prime Minister of Great Britain, William Churchill inherited a nation that was under impending attack from Germany a nation that was invading and conquering anyone that stood in its path. He wasted no time and created a War Cabinet that consisted of Churchill, former Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, the Foreign Secretary Lord Halifax, Labour Leader Clement Attlee and Labour deputy leader Arthur Greenwood.
Between 26 May and 4 June 1940, Britain retreated from France after fierce fighting alongside their alley. On 4 June 1940, Churchill delivered a rousing speech in which he said “We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender, and if, which I do not for a moment believe, this island or a large part of it were subjugate and starving, then our Empire beyond the seas, armed and guarded by the British Fleet, would carry on the struggle, until, in God's good time, the New World, with all its power and might, steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the old” (“Fight on the,” 2012). This speech was after Churchill had learned that approximately 85 percent of its force had been rescued from Dunkirk coastal line.
On 16 July 1940, Hitler issued Directive 16 as he envisioned a landing along the southern coast of England as he prepared to invade Britain. July, 1940 the first day light raids began in Britain as they bombed towns and cities that included Central London. After this happened Churchill realized he would have to retaliate instead of just defend his home land. From 11 July to 18 August 1940, Luftwaffe began to have daily dog fights with the RAF and bomb British ships and ports on the south coast known as “Kanalkampf” or Battle of the Channel.
From 24 August to 4 September 1940 the Luftwaffe launched Eagle Attack (Adlerangriff) and began to target RAF Infrastructure in order to control the airspace over South-East England and almost overwhelmed the RAF. From 25 to 28 August the RAF retaliated and dropped bombs on Berlin which set off the next chain of events that would unfold to more destruction. Hitler became very frustrated by the RAF’s air superiority and the bombing of German cities which prompted him to order attacks on the British Capital...