Basic Social Learning Concepts
There are three core concepts at the heart of social learning theory. First is the idea that people can learn through observation. Next is the idea that internal mental states are an essential part of this process. Finally, this theory recognizes that just because something has been learned, it does not mean that it will result in a change in behavior.
1. People can learn through observation.
A baby is not always thought to be feed but he has learned to do so. It is by the sense of sight and touch he learns. It is same as health, you will learn to take care of yourself through observing on what your nurses do until you assume your ...view middle of the document...
Certain requirements and steps must also be followed. The following steps are involved in the observational learning and modeling process:
In order to learn, you need to be paying attention. Anything that detracts your attention is going to have a negative effect on observational learning. If the model interesting or there is a novel aspect to the situation, you are far more likely to dedicate your full attention to learning.
The ability to store information is also an important part of the learning process. Retention can be affected by a number of factors, but the ability to pull up information later and act on it is vital to observational learning.
Once you have paid attention to the model and retained the information, it is time to actually perform the behavior you observed. Further practice of the learned behavior leads to improvement and skill advancement.
Finally, in order for observational learning to be successful, you have to be motivated to imitate the behavior that has been modeled. Reinforcement and punishment play an important role in motivation. While experiencing these motivators can be highly effective, so can observing other experience some type of reinforcement or punishment. For example, if you see another student rewarded with extra credit for being to class on time, you might start to show up a few minutes early each day.
In addition to influencing other psychologists, social learning theory has had important implication in the field of education. Today, both teachers and parents recognize the importance of modeling appropriate behaviors. Other classroom strategies such as encouraging children and building self-efficacy are also rooted in social learning theory.
Concepts are basically vehicles of thought that involve images. Concepts arewords that describe objects, properties, or events & are basic components of theory.
Types: Empirical concepts, Inferential concepts, Abstract concepts
Models are representations of the interaction among and between the concepts showing patterns.
Propositions are statements that explain the relationship between theconcepts.
Process it is a series of actions, changes or functions intended to bring about a desired result. During a process one takes systemic & continuous steps to meet a goal & uses both assessments & feedback to direct actions to the goal.
A particular theory or conceptual frame work directs how these actions are carried out. The delivery of nursing care within the nursing process is directed by the way specific conceptual frameworks & theories define the person(patient), the environment, health & nursing.
The terms ‘model’ and ‘theory’ are often wrongly used interchangeably, which further confounds matters.
In nursing, models are often designed by theory authors to depict the beliefs in their theory (Lancaster and Lancaster 1981).
They provide an...