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Basic Knowledge Of Cpr (Cardio Pulmonary Respiration)

556 words - 3 pages

Basic knowledge of CPR (Cardio Pulmonary Respiration) is something everyone should have. It could be used to preserve or save laves in any situation. This is something most people don't realize until after they are in a situation where they need it. In this essay I will outline the basic steps to preserving life using CPR.Assuming you come across an unconscious person, (who will be referred to hereafter as the victim) and have made sure approaching the victim is not hazardous to your own life, you must check for ABC's (maintain an open Airway, while checking Breathing and Cardio movements, i.e. check for pulse.) If the victim is not breathing and has no ...view middle of the document...

It is very important to do compressions accurately, over the heart for maximum effectiveness. To find the correct spot, you do what is referred to as land-marking; Find the victims ribs on both sides and trace upwards until you find where both rib cages meet. From here lay your left hand above the vertex so you thumb touches it. Then place the heel of your right hand above your left hand, following this place your left hand atop your right hand. You are now ready to start compressions.While doing compressions, your arms should be locked at the elbow, you should lean over the victim so that you use your body weight to help with compressions. You should compress approximately 2.5 inches into an adult's chest, and 1.5 inches into a child's chest (anyone under the age of 8 is considered to be a child.) There should be 15 compressions for every 2 breaths, or 5 compressions per 1 breath. A re-check of the ABC's should be done about once a minute. If the victim regains a pulse but not breathing, give one breath every 5 seconds, while continuing to check all ABC's. Once you start CPR, it should not be stopped until either, the victim miraculously gets up and walks away, a doctor tells you to stop, or you become physically exhausted, and can not continue.While there is only about a 3% chance of the victim regaining consciousness after CPR, it is still vital to the survival of the victim. It keeps oxygenated blood flowing to the brain, keeping the body alive until proper medical treatment can be given. This basic knowledge could be used in future to save someone's life.

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