LET 1 317.1.5-10.11
Bases of Power
According to Robbins & Judge (2007) power is defined as the “capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B so B can act with A’s wishes.” There are five bases of power that are divided into two groups according to Robbins & Judge (2007).
The first group in the power in the power bases is formal. Formal power is based on the position held in organization (Robbins & Judge (2007). Formal Power is divided into three power bases: coercive power, reward power and legitimate power (Robbins & Judge, 2007).
Coercive power is based on the fear of consequences when the person does not follow instructions of their ...view middle of the document...
In the example in the scenario, the marketing manager has legitimate power also. The marketing manager has the legitimate power to reward employee 1 based on his efforts and employee 1 is fully aware of this power so wants manager to see he makes the extra efforts needed to get the rewards.
Personal power is in the second group of power bases, which is not based on organization or position held. According to (Robbins & Judge, 2007) this power bases comes from a person’s abilities and characteristics.
Expert power comes from expertise in special skills and knowledge according to (Robbins & Judge, 2007). Over the years with all the technological advancement it has given people the ability to be more knowledgably and trained in their area of work profession.
In the example scenario Employee 2 has expert power. Employee 2 is the only Certified Public Accountant in the organization given him leverage to be able to ask and obtain a modified work schedule.
Referent power is how you relate to people. Referent power can be referred as people idolizing wishing they were that person such as celebrities, which increases their marketability and endorsements. Leaders that can easily catch the attention of others based on their personality their power is not dependent on their position. Referent power is based on likability and personal charm.
In the example in the scenario, Employee 3 has referent power. Employee 3 was described as very charismatic and positive which are characteristics of a...