This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Basal Mass Essay

1517 words - 7 pages

The aim of this research is to find out how much energy is used by the human body to breathe , physical duties and also food digest absorption. This research will also enable one to know whether the energy is balanced or not. Also how much deficit energy is left in our body daily. How obesity or weight gain can be prevented with using expenditure to help predict energy balance. To be able to find out the results of energy balance the Douglas Bag Method would be applied.
The Douglas Bag method is very popular and broadly used to measure energy expenditure. It collects expired air and oxygen intake from the human body during physical activity. Babasaheb B. Desai (2000)

MRC ...view middle of the document...

The bag was then open by loosening the tap and allowing the vacuum pump to draw all the air out. Once all the air had been let out the bag had to be closed and the pump had to be switched off.
The pump had to be put back on to allow air to pass into a different empty bag. Gas tanks had to be used to transfer nitrogen into the machine. The gas needed to be slowly let out until the level reached 0.

Experiment One ( Participant On Bike)
The participants who took part in the experiment had to warm up for 60 seconds to get a fixed heart rate. Participant had to wear a nose clip and mouth piece which was attached to the Douglas bag. The participant had to exercise on the bike for 5 minutes and after 5 minutes the tap was closed and the subject had to stop exercising. By the end of the test volume formula of expired air was measured with a gas meter. Sevormex and Harvard were the gas meters used for the experiment. Both oxygen and carbon dioxide were measured for 1 minute. The surrounding air for oxygen was showing 20.7 and carbon dioxide was showing 0.18. Whereas expired oxygen contained 14.1 and expired carbon dioxide was 3.32. The Douglas Bag had to be put in an Harvard dry meter to find the volume of expired air.
Experiment Two (Participant At Rest)
The second experiment was carried out with the participant at rest. The participant had to be seated with the Douglas Mask on for 5 minutes. After 5 minutes the oxygen and carbon dioxide were firstly examined using Servomex, the surrounding air for oxygen was 20.5 and carbon dioxide 0.20. Expired oxygen showed 15.2 and expired carbon dioxide also showed 2.20. The timing of the sample was 1 minute. The Harvard meter had to be used again.

The Activity Diary & Diet Plan 6 Method
In this section of testing I participated as the subject. To begin with, the BMR was firstly estimated. A 24 hour activity diary had to be carried out by the subject and also a 24 hour food consumption was also examined. The subject had written evidence of all activities that took place during the day and length of time for every single activities. The subject analysed the activity by the need of Physical Activity Level (PAL). The length of time of each activity was multiplied by Basal Metabolic rate (BMR) and the physical Activity Level of the participant.
To find out the 24 hours food consumption of the subject. The participant needs all details and account of all foods that had been consumed during the whole 24 hours. The food that was consumed during the day was all listed into the dietary software. The software programme diet plan 6 examines all nutrients consumed into the body. Its able to give all the food intakes and creates report and graph which gives analysis of food absorption.
Whiles calculating Rest Metabolic Rate there seemed to have been some related similarities to Basal Metabolic Rate. Basal Metabolic Rate is recognized for been measured under strict circumstances usually when a person is fully...

Other Papers Like Basal Mass

What are Calories? Essay

609 words - 3 pages more active will require more calories than those who are inactive. You gain extra weight when the food you eat provides more calories than your body needs and the excess calories are stored as fats.The number of calories you need to eat each day is determined by how much energy you need to maintain your lean mass and the internal functions of your body's processes. Since this is true, you are able to check how many calories your body needs by

Glacation Essay

3839 words - 16 pages glacier include the roughness of the rock surface (friction), the amount of melt water, and the weight of the glacier. A valley glacier has various components of flow. First, the entire glacier moves as a single mass over the underlying rock surface. The pressure from the weight of the glacier generates a layer of water that helps the ice glacier move down slope. This process is called basal sliding. In addition to basal sliding, which slowly

Prg/211 Calorie Mng Doc

816 words - 4 pages -code creates a specific description in plain English of exact task to do. Pseudo-code for calorie counting / BMI program (Basal Metabolic Index): 1. program starts 2. create array w/ 5 elements for calorie intake amounts 3. creating a procedure that contains outputs to explain purpose of program ( ex. Hello, this program is designed as a screening of calorie intake) 4. all calculations from body weight, calorie

The Aging Population

789 words - 4 pages internal organs. There are a number of subtypes of Carcinoma, including adenocarcinoma basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and transitional cell carcinoma. * Sarcoma – cancer that begins in bones, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissues * Leukemia – cancer that starts in blood-forming tissues such as the bone marrow and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the

Newbury Local Conflct

1874 words - 8 pages its development into a new plant. In an elm tree this occurs by: Root Suckers/ Basal Sprouts are removed from a tree in autumn and are grown in a nursery bed. They appear within 2 months of destruction. The suckers grow from meristem tissue in the trunk which is close to the ground (area of least damage) 2.2.3 – Describe the production of artificial clones of plants from tissue culture Tissue Culture: Large scale cloning 1- A small piece

The Central Distinctions Between Psychological And Theological Accounts Of The Nature And Role Of Conscience

1678 words - 7 pages part of the conscience process but blaming authority figures (such as a belief in the Christian God) for building up mass feelings of guilt and making us more likely to blindly obey. Fromm, another psychologist also believes that all humans are influenced by external authorities which we have a fear of rejection from. Therefore we attempt to please them (leaving us with a good conscience) rather than be disobedient which


2738 words - 11 pages end of this decade and then decline. |   | If in a high-status career, acquires professional skills, values, and credentials (for women, may be delayed and take a longer time). | | Declines in touch sensitivity; respiratory, cardiovascular, and immune system functioning; and elasticity of the skin begins and continues throughout adulthood. |   | Begins to develop mutually gratifying adult friendships and work ties. | | As basal metabolic

Treating Diabetes Mellitus Type Ii

4695 words - 19 pages programs that may be utilized. A randomized control trial of resistance training exercise showed significant improvement in glycemic control, increased fat-free mass, reduced diabetic medication requirements, reduced abdominal fat deposit and systolic blood pressure, and increased muscle strength (Castaneda et al., 2002). Weight targets should be individualized, and strategies for reaching these goals should be discussed in relation to the central


3302 words - 14 pages sedimentary rock composed of rounded fragments of pebbles, cobbles, or boulders cemented into a solid mass. Constituent A chemical substance in water that can be measured by analyt­ ical methods. Consumptive use Permanent removal of water from a water body by diver­ sions, evaporation, or transpiration. For nonconsumptive uses, water is even­ tually returned to the water body. Cross section A diagram or drawing that shows features transected by a

Oceania. Company Report

4374 words - 18 pages viable means that puts this form of market at our fingertips. The adaptation of pay television also allows for the consumer to shop at their convenience.Direct Marketing (promotions)Trade centers and shows are important, along with mass media ideas ranging from newspapers to television advertisements. Our foremost research enables us to believe that the Olympics in the year 2000 is the ultimate marketing entry gain. By utilizing this direct market

Psychiatric Gordon's

2700 words - 11 pages The human brain is the most complex, most sophisticated body organ which makes us superior among other living creatures. It is the vessel of the greatest power ever invented. Since it is a treasure not any pleasure could ever equal it is encapsulated on a hard mass of bone to keep its treasure. The human brain can be divided into four major divisions: The cerebrum, the diencephalon, the cerebellum and the midbrain. The first division

Related Essays

Nutrition Notes Essay

311 words - 2 pages -sum of weight of fat and lean body mass d. BMI-current standard or assessing healthfulness of body weight e. Underweight <18.5 f. Healthy 18.5-24.9 g. Overweight 25-29.9 h. Obese >30 7. Body Fat i. Visceral fat (abdominal) j. Subcutaneous fat (under skin) 8. Energy Balance k. Thermic Effective Food l. Basal Metabolism m. Activity 9. Leptin-protein made by fat

Skin Cancer And Tanning Essay

3723 words - 15 pages encodes genetic information) in skin cells is damaged or mutated in ways that the body cannot repair causing the damaged cells to proliferate in an abnormal manner. This proliferation results in a mass of malignant tissue called a tumor or lesion (Wright and Frey 1864) The skin has two main layers - the outer layer called the epidermis and the inner layer called the dermis (“Skin”). The outer layer of the skin contains three kinds of cells

Glacial Till Essay

2620 words - 11 pages so effective at erosion and transport, large quantities of debris is also associated with them. According to it’s location with respect to the glacier, such debris transported as ice mass may be divided into three main categories. There are three main positions that a glacier can transport debris, englacial debris which occurs within the glacier, supraglacial debris which occurs on the glacier surface and subglacial debris which occurs on the

Central Nervous System Essay

3858 words - 16 pages PCB 3702 Chapter 8 The Central Nervous System Learning Objectives 1. Describe the embryonic origin of the CNS 2. Identify the 5 brain regions & the major structures they contain, including the ventricles 3. Describe the organization of the sensory & motor areas of the cerebral cortex, & the nature of the basal ganglia 4. Distinguish between the functions of the right & left cerebral hemispheres, and describe the significance of