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Automated Election System Essay

2705 words - 11 pages

Automated Election System
Does automation = clean elections?
Possible Problems: Preliminary Results Technical Briefing

What is the AES?
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“A system using appropriate technology which has been demonstrated in the voting, counting, consolidating, canvassing, and transmission of election result, and other electoral process” process”

Public perception of the AES
It would lead to clean elections l Cheating would be impossible in an automated election
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AES System
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Election Management System (EMS)
Configuration of precinct data l Election Mark– Up Language (EML) Mark–
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Precinct– Precinct–Count Optical Scan (PCOS) System
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Precinct Machine BOC Computer

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g. JAVA)
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Cities/Municipal
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Input: ERs from precincts Input: Statement of Votes and Certificate of Canvass from Cities/Municipalities Congress: President and Vice President contests Comelec: Comelec : Senators and Party List contests Input: Statement of Votes

Provincial/Congressional National
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PCOS Machine (counting) – SAES 1800

CCS Server (canvassing) REIS

PrePre- election * Election * Canvassing * Proclamation

30 VULNERABILITIES

6 Vulnerabilities On Voting Day
BEI inserts physical key into PCOS machine to power it
• Hardware Failure: Start up or boot failure

Canvassing
• Signing/encryption/transmissi on failure • Failure to accept password • Connectivity failure

BEI inserts CF card into PCOS machine to configure it
• Wrong CF card inserted

BEIs digitally signs electronic ER for transmission BEI attaches external modem to access internet connection
• Failure of function to close polls ( premarked ballots can still be inserted) • Misreading of ballots • Mis -crediting of marks • Erroneous counting • Printer fails

BEIs type passwords to initialize the machine – zero votes
• Failure to accept password • Failure of initialization function • Machine has stored ballot images already • Wrong program installed • Paper jam

• Pre-marked legitimate ballots might be fed • Legitimate ballots rejected • Reading/scanning ballots from another precinct • Hardware/software failure • No backup units • Voter cannot verify if ballot is read/scanned correctly

Voter fills up and feeds ballot into the machine

BEIs close poll and print ER

Software and Data Integrity

5 MAJOR TECH ISSUES

Highlights of Technical Concerns
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Verifiability of Voter’s Choice Voter’
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Machine Interpretation of Ballot Review of Source Code

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Program Correctness
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Program Integrity Verification Protection of Transmitted Data
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Digital Signatures Root Users / System Administrators

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System Administration
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Voter’ Voter’s Choice Verifiability

“Provide the voter a system of verification to find out whether or or not the machine has registered his choice. ” choice.” [Article 7 (n) of RA 9369]

Voter ’s Choice Verifiability
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No sufficient mechanism for voter’s choice voter’ verifiability. Safeguard
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Comelec has to enable the feature of the SAESSAES1800 that will show how the PCOS machine interpreted the ballot.

Program Correctness

RA 9369 requires Comelec to subject the source code to review by all interested parties.

Source Code
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Human readable version of the computer programs running on the PCOS and BOC computers. Will reveal whether the counting and canvassing are done properly To prove that the PCOS and CCS programs follow RA 9369 and COMELEC ToR

An illustration of Java source code with prologue comments indicated in red, inline comments indicated in green, and program code indicated in blue.

Safeguard
Reviewed and approved...

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