Augustus Caesar Essay

1455 words - 6 pages

Augustus Caesar Reign
Reign of the first emperor.1 Gaius Octavian Caesar Augustus is considered to be the
first roman emperor which he ruled for 41 years until his death. He was born on 23 of
September 63 B.C. and died the 19 of August 14 AD. I believe that Augustus Caesar is
one of the best roman emperor that has ever lived. First of all, he was able to become
the sole emperor of Rome. Second, he restored the Roman Republic with the
govermental power vested in the Roman Senate.
Octavian was able to reach his position as a roman emperor because of his ties to the
current Caesar, Julius Caesar. Julius was his great uncle and favored him at a very
young age. In 48 BC, when Octavian ...view middle of the document...

Octavius displayed his deep understanding of the affairs of the government and
he tried to make friends with the leaders of the Roman army. However, the important
Mark Antony and Lepidus both viciously opposed Octavius's claim to power and fought
him in a battle which they lost. After this first great victory, Octavius was made consul
and decided that it would be best for all parties concerned that the three men should
come to an understanding with one another to get vengeance on the assassins of
Caesar. The joining of these powers was known as the Second Triumverant and in it the
empire was divided as Octavius was to rule the West, Antony the East and Lepidus
Africa. Soon after the initiation of the triumverant, Octavius married a woman named
Scribonia for political reasons. Scribonia was the relative of Sextus Pompey (the
grandson of Pompey the Great).
The triumvirant had two main goals which were the consolidation of power and te
vangeance of the Casesar. In 42 BC the armies of Octavian and Antony met those of
Brutus and Cassius (caesarʼs assassins) at Philippi where they were defeated and later
killed themselves. With the death of these assasins, Octavian and Antony were strong
enough to rule without Lepidus and so dropped him from the triumvirant on the grounds
that he was plotting against them. After this, Octavian returned to Rome and Antony
2
went back to the East. As soon as Octavian returned to Rome he starting planning on
waging a war against Antony. He gathered many rumors and displayed them to the
Roman Senate which was force to agree upon waging a war against Egypt. After their
defeat both, Antony and Cleopatra comitted suicide. Octavian was now the sole ruler of
the Roman Empire.2
Upon the death of Antony and Cleopatra, Octavius (now Augustus) arrived in Rome and
celebrated a great triumph in which the people hailed him as Imperator.3Upon his
arrival, the doors of the temple of Janus were closed for the first time in 200 years and
peace had finally been restored to the Roman Empire. Upon his return to Rome,
Augustus was given every high office by the senate and was essentially head of all the
political and religious affairs of the Empire. After he retired from the Consulship he was
given the rights that consuls usually only enjoyed. Also he was made proconsul over
certain provinces and had authority over all provincial governors. Furthermore ,the
consuls were always in command of the Roman army so the proconsul had command
of the provincial army. This meant that Augustus was the head of all the armies in the
empire. With all these powers, Augustus was actually in total control of the empire but
he did not want to make the same mistake Caesar did. To secure his power, he made it
3
2 Harl, Kenneth W. "Actium, Battle of.(Event overview)." The Reader's Companion to
Military History. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, 1996. Academic
OneFile. Web. 18 Nov. 2010
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