This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Attitudes Essay

569 words - 3 pages

Attitude Theories
Patricia Saylor
Strayer University Online

Prof. Robin Oatis-Ballew
May 6, 2012

Cognitive dissonance was fist examined by Leon Festinger, this arose from the observations he made of a cult whom believed that the earth would soon be destroyed by a flood. Members that had been faithful to the cult had to give up their homes and jobs to come and work for the cult. This came about after the fact the earth was not destroyed by the flood. The faithful members of the cult were ashamed and felt like they had made fools of themselves for believing that something like this was about to happen. According to cognitive dissonance theory, there is a tendency for individuals to seek consistency among their cognitions (beliefs, opinions). When there is an inconsistency between attitudes or behaviors (dissonance), something must change to eliminate the dissonance.
...view middle of the document...

There are three ways to eliminate dissonance: reduce the importance of the dissonant beliefs, add more consonant beliefs that outweigh the dissonant beliefs, or change the dissonant beliefs so that they are no longer inconsistent. There are also individual differences in whether or not people act as this theory predicts. Highly anxious people are more likely to do so. Many people seem able to cope with considerable dissonance and not experience the tensions the theory predicts. Cognitive dissonance approaches have not gone unchallenged.
An alternative approach, known as self-perception theory, suggests that all individuals analyze their own behavior much as an outside observer might and, as a result of these observations, make judgments about why they are motivated to do what they do. Self-perception theory addresses the question of how one comes to know their attitudes and feelings. This theory challenges cognitive dissonance theory by suggesting we observe our own behavior and make judgments about our motivations for these behaviors. This process leads to our 'feeling'; in other words, actions create feelings. The obvious empirical difference between common sense and self-perception theory is in what each would predict if we induced someone to act as if they felt something. Common sense would anticipate no effect of actions on feelings, whereas self-perception theory predicts that acting would lead to feeling. Indeed, if the actions did not produce corresponding feelings, self-perception theory would clearly be wrong.
Self-perception theory, it is suggested, accurately characterizes attitude change phenomena in the context of attitude-congruent behavior and dissonance theory attitude change in the context of attitude-discrepant behavior. Attitude-congruent is defined as any position within an individual's latitude of acceptance; attitude-discrepant as any position in the latitude of rejection. A great example of the self-perception theory would know that smoking causes cancer amongst other health issues but you continue the habit. Some may decide to quit.

|

Other Papers Like Attitudes

Stories As Attitudes Essay

1071 words - 5 pages Stories as Attitudes Curiosity seems to be innately part of the human experience. With this propensity towards curiosity comes our seemingly insatiable need to search for answers to the world's many unanswered (and conceivably unanswerable?) questions. Perhaps the most important of these questions regard the origin of the world, of life, and of us as human beings. The need to account for our own beginnings can be seen throughout history, as

Emotions And Attitudes Essay

597 words - 3 pages Emotions and attitudes play a big role in the organisation in terms of productivity and employee motivation. Emotions are the physiological, behavioural, and psychological episodes experienced towards an object, person or event. Attitudes represent the cluster of beliefs, assessed feelings and behavioural intentions towards a person, object or event. The difference between emotions and attitudes is that emotions occur without our awareness. So

Attitudes Case Study

1204 words - 5 pages negative attitudes about where the business is. The great part about Best Buy is that they recognize that their employees can contribute to the well-being of the company. When you get people out of their comfort zone it is so amazing what people can come up with to cut costs. I was on a scrap removal project for our company. The first few meetings on the project I listened to all the details about what was going on and the ideas they had to fix

Employee Attitudes Case Study

2154 words - 9 pages recession, many were struggling. Icek Azjan created the Theory of Planned Behavior, concluding that intentions were the key link between behavior and attitudes (160). The theory includes a subjective norm in which attitude towards that norm and perceived behavioral control are challenged. These will affect intentions, which will in turn affect the planned behavior. The subjective norm can be determined by normative beliefs, or the perceived

Adolescences Attitudes Towards Mental Illness

5253 words - 22 pages Running Head: ADOLESCENCES ATTITUDES TOWARDS MENTAL ILLNESS ! ! 1 Adolescences Attitudes Towards Mental Illness Kellie Walker Student Number- 11546766 Charles Sturt University Subject: PSY102 Subject coordinator: Rabul Islam Assignment No: 2 Due Date: 15.09.2014 Word Count: 2,086! ADOLESCENCES ATTITUDES TOWARDS MENTAL ILLNESS Abstract 2 There is a large amount of research evidence which suggests that social acceptance is

Hospice and Attitudes Toward Death

932 words - 4 pages Hospice and Attitudes toward Death Unitie Mance Soc 304: Social Gerontology Kristin Bachman February 27, 2012 A dying man needs to die, as a sleepy man needs to sleep, and there comes a time when it is wrong, as well as useless, to resist. Stewart Alsop Death, dying and bereavement finds a way of impacting everyday living. Images of real or fictional death are often while watching television or movies. Death can impact people on a

Political Attitudes Towards Moral Values

1473 words - 6 pages Appendix 2 Rights or Wrongs? Public attitudes towards moral values. Stephen Rule Are South Africans apathetic about their beliefs or highly tolerant of diverse opinions and behaviour? South Africa is renowned for having one of the most liberal constitutions in the world, but an HSRC representative national survey of 4 980 adults (aged 16 and older) during September and October 2003, indicates that Government policy on “moral” issues is more

Personality, Attitudes, Values and Motivation

3772 words - 16 pages An individual’s effectiveness in the workplace often depends on his/her personality, attitudes and values, along with his/her motivation to succeed. Concurrently, the perception, attitudes and values of colleagues in the workplace play a role in determining the individual’s effectiveness. Understanding these characteristics of employees can be very crucial for organizations to operate successfully. At the same time, it is essential that

Attitudes Towards Death and Bereavement

718 words - 3 pages Cultural Attitudes Towards Dying , Death, and Bereavement Marla Lendor Sociology 304 Rhonda Travland April 14, 2012 Cultural Differences towards Dying, Death, and Bereavement This paper will describe cultural differences towards dying, death, and bereavement. Death is a very sad subject in the U.S., but this is not true in many other cultures. Places like Bosnia and Africa where violence is so prevalent and brutal fatalities are a

Mass Affluents in Hong Kong: Attitudes: Jsbmarketresearch

534 words - 3 pages Mass Affluents in Hong Kong: Attitudes Released on 4th April 2016 Summary Mass affluent populations around the world are growing in size, making them an increasingly important segment for financial providers. These consumers possess more financial products than average, maintain higher levels of savings and investments, and are more likely to use added-value services. This makes them an attractive and profitable segment to target

Do You Think Attitudes Influence Job Performance?

565 words - 3 pages North South University Assignment prepared for: Jasim Uddin (JDN) MGT321: Oraganizational behavior. Assignment prepared by:Kamrul Hasan ID:0930875030 Date:03/10/2011 Do you think attitudes influence job performance? Justify your arguments logically using evidence. The obvious straight forward answer to this question is yes. Yes, attitudes influences job performance very much. The attitude of the employee

Related Essays

Love Attitudes Essay

2673 words - 11 pages What is Your Love Attitudes towards Romantic Relationship? Social relationship especially love relationships are core of human life. Universally, love is reflected as one of the most important feelings that are experienced by most people and being in love leaves memorable social and psychological mark. Love can be defined in numerous ways, however according to Berscheid and Walster (1974) love is ‘an emotional and passionate experience between

Eating Attitudes Essay

951 words - 4 pages Eating Attitudes Test- Eating DisorderEAT © David M. Garner & Paul E Garfinkel (1979), David M. Garner, et al., (1982) | The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) was the screening instrument used in the 1998 National Eating Disorders Screening program. The EAT-26 is probably the most widely used standardized measure of symptoms and concerns characteristics of eating disorders. The EAT-26 alone does not yield a specific diagnosis of an eating

Attitudes Toward Shopping Essay

663 words - 3 pages Attitudes Toward Shopping Considerable research has been done on people's attitudes toward shopping. Such attitudes have a big impact on the ways in which people act in a retail setting. Retailers must strive to turn around some negative perceptions that now exist. Let us highlight some research findings. Shopping Enjoyment: In general, people do not enjoy shopping as much as in the past. So, what does foster a pleasurable shopping experience

Turkish Attitudes Concerning Christians Essay

1020 words - 5 pages Kendra Olds HY 348 February 15, 2004 Aware that he would not single-handedly change the field of Ottoman studies with this thesis, Roderic Davison does, however, succeed in influencing the trends of research and scholarship in the field. His article, “Turkish Attitudes Concerning Christian-Muslim Equality in the Nineteenth Century,” attempts to add new research to help resolve several main controversies. Disputing