Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, better known as ADHD is a disorder that deals with inattentiveness, over-activity, impulsivity or a combination of the three. ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorder in children with 3-5% of school aged children being affected. Young boys are much more prone to being diagnosed with ADHD than girls are. Although it is not officially clear what causes ADHD may be handed down from your parents. ADHD is sometimes confused with depression, lack of sleep, learning disabilities, tic disorders and behavior problems. In most cases there are at least one ...view middle of the document...
Inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are things that almost every child shows symptoms of but children with ADHD must be out of the normal range of a child’s development. So, although almost every child may have these symptoms not every child’s development is being hindered by these symptoms.
Detecting and diagnosing ADHD is difficult to do. Often times, children are falsely diagnosed with ADHD but there is also a lot of children that are not diagnosed with ADHD that should be. However, in recent years, guidelines have been created by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) to help diagnose ADHD. Children should have at least 6 attention symptoms or 6 hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms and some of these symptoms should be present before the age of 7. These symptoms cannot be short lived. They must be present for at least six months in two or more settings and not caused by another problem. The severity of the symptoms must be enough to cause major difficulties for the child in many places such as home, school and in their relationships with their peers. In older children, the AAP has discovered ADHD is in partial remission when the child still has symptoms but does not meet the full definition of the disorder like they had previously.
A child should see a doctor if ADHD is suspected. Evaluations include questionnaires for the parent and the teacher because these are the two adults that spend the most time around the child. A psychological evaluation of not only the child, but also the family including an IQ testing can be done in certain scenarios. Finally, a doctor will complete a full developmental, mental, nutritional, physical, and psychosocial examination. After the evaluation of the child, if it is determined that ADHD is a diagnosis, treating the child is the next step in making sure the child can succeed in all...