Attachment Styles And Eating Disorders Essay

1912 words - 8 pages

Attachment Styles and Eating Disorders
There have been many studies over the years regarding attachment styles and eating disorders. This is due to the incidence of eating disorders increasing in numbers among young women in industrialized countries. This rise has been seen in the last three decades. Eating disorders are prevalent among young women but also include some young men as well. The studies used for this review pertained to women only. Researchers have demonstrated the correlation between anorexia nervosa and bulimia in regards to attachment styles in many instances. This review of the literature on attachment styles and eating disorders focuses on the following six items.
...view middle of the document...

This studies goal was to examine the extent to which family environment and attachment styles are concurrently related to eating disorders.
Troisi and Cuzzolaro (2005) wanted to see whether women with eating disorders have a higher frequency of separation anxiety symptoms in childhood, and a higher prevalence of insecure styles of adult attachment, compared with healthy women. This study used the Separation Anxiety Symptom Inventory (SASI) and the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ). The second purpose of this study was to see whether different styles of insecure adult attachment are linked with diagnostic subgroups of eating disorders.
Ringer and Crittenden’s (2007) study examined the pattern of attachment in women with an eating disorder to determine what types of self-protective strategies they used and also whether there was a specific relationship between strategy and diagnosis. Their study used the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) method.
Tereno, Soares, Martins, Celani, and Sampaio (2008) did a study on patients with anorexia nervosa, bulimia, their parents and their therapists. This study was to examine the differences between clinical groups and a control group in terms of attachment styles and perceptions of memories of parental rearing. This study used the Portuguese version of the Adult Attachment Scale and the Inventory for Assessing Memories of Parental Rearing Behavior. The first used a five-point Likert scale and the second used a four-point Livert scale.
Lastly, we have Turner, Bryant-Waugh, and Peveler (2009) who did a study to see whether clinically meaningful sub-groups of patients can be identified by clustering eating disorder features, attachment and coping styles. This study used the Eating Disorder Examination, Attachment Style Questionnaire and the Utrecht Coping List.
Who Were the Participants in the Studies Involved?
The participants were women with anorexia nervosa, bulimia, other eating disorders and a control group of healthy women. The participants were from various eating disorder clinics, as well as the Centre for Eating Disorders of the University of Rome, Italy. Women were also recruited from hospitals in Perth and Brisbane, private psychologists and psychiatrists, and advertising. The advertisements were approved by the ethics committee. Participants also came from the Eating Disorder Unit of Santa Maria’s Hospital in Lisbon, Portugal. The participants range in age from approximately 15 years old to 36 years old. The study, Tereno et al, also included the parents and therapists to examine differences between clinical groups and a control group in terms of attachment styles and perceptions of memories of parental rearing.
What Were the Designs of the Studies?
The designs of the studies were slightly different for each study. For example (Latzer et al), set their study up to examine the extent to which eating disorders are concurrently related to family...

Other Papers Like Attachment Styles And Eating Disorders

Body Fat and Eating Disorders Sci/241

523 words - 3 pages Body Fat and Eating Disorders Tony Sadler SCI 241 Nicole Walker 11 June 2013 Body composition is composed of lean tissues and fats in the body. Lean tissue includes muscle, bone, and organs, while fats include essential, non-essential, and storage. Obesity has environmental and lifestyle effects. Some effects include high availability of fast food and high fat content food. Advertisements for different types of foods are seen all

Eating Disorders And Women's Self Image

1499 words - 6 pages themselves to look like covergirls. As a result, many women in North America suffer from psychological illnesses. Among the most common are eating disorders such as Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa. Anorexia and Bulimia generally arise in young women, but may also occur in older females and occasionally in men. People suffering from any of these sicknesses usually suffer from low self esteem. Victims may think things such as, “my life would be better if I

Body Fat and Eating Disorders Paper

719 words - 3 pages larger portions. Additionally people are eating beyond when they feel full and letting their appetite control what they eat instead of hunger. As well as eating more, most Americans are exercising less (Grosvenor,M. & Smolin, L., 2006). An eating disorder can develop when a person becomes overly concerned with eating, food, and body size and shape. There are three categories of eating disorders; anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge

Sexual And Gender Identity, Personality, And Eating Disorders

275 words - 2 pages Sexual and Gender Identity, Personality, and Eating Disorders Outline 1. Sexual and Gender Identity a. Categorized as just that, sexual and gender identity disorders b. Some classifications include gender identity disorder, sexual dysfunctions, and paraphilia’s c. Biological contributions include physical disease, medical illness, prescribed medications, use and abuse of alcohol and other drugs d. Emotional patterns of unstable and

Eating, Substance Abuse, Sex/Gender/Sexual, And Personal Disorders

251 words - 2 pages with you, check the medication with the doctors orders , and if unsure contact the doctor. You should always check the arm band of the patient before giving any procedures and then check the records to make sure there is no error. If in dought talk to the patient then contact the doctor. Keeping records secure by not disclosing any information to outside sources, keep patients information where it can’t be seen by others. Never talk about

Disorders of Childhood and Cognitive Disorders

1001 words - 5 pages communication disorder. All of the disorders are referred to as syndromes. This means that a diagnosis is based on a group of behaviors, which combine to a result in a disrupted pattern of development. (Pervasive Development Disorders, 2000) In DSM-IV-TR, the feeding disorder of infancy or early childhood, pica, and rumination disorder are the three “Feeding and Eating Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood” within the larger category of

Attachment Theory

4759 words - 20 pages alternative ways of coping with fearfulness. They could either maintain a distance or seek proximity to all adults. This is the development of malfunctional internal working models (Bretherton & Mullholland ,1985). Building on the work of John Bowlby, Mary Ainsworth studied children and as a result identified three different attachment styles namely, secure, avoidant and ambivalent. She did what is known as the 'Strange Situation' experiment

Eating Disorders

1840 words - 8 pages Annotated Bibliography Kimberly Blagg TCP1 March 16, 2015 WGU Thesis statement: Research shows that eating disorders are difficult to treat because of causes such as genetics, psychological and emotional health or society. Annotated Bibliography Brownell, Kelly D; Fairburn, Christopher G (2005). Eating Disorders and Obesesity A Comprehensive Handbook. This article will provide a comprehensive study of eating disorders. Molecular

Attachment in Developmental Psychology

1826 words - 8 pages development of attachment disorders. Depressed mothers, parental divorce, and maltreatment situations have all been investigated to establish their connections to attachments disorders in children. By identifying the factors related to attachment disorders, the development of attachment disorders can be reduced by taking actions against these factors. Maternal Depression         A great deal of research has found a link between maternal depression

Eating Disordeoutline

324 words - 2 pages Eating Disorder Outline I. What is an eating disorder A. Disturbance in Eating B. Has Psychiatric Classification in Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV-R) C. Coping Mechanism II. Coping III. Eating Continuum IV. Normal Eating Normal Eating is being able to eat when you are hungry and continue eating until you are satisfied. Normal eating is being able to use some

PSY 240 Tutorials / psy240dotcom

926 words - 4 pages Metencephalon o Mesencephalon o Deincephalon o Telencephalon ........................................... PSY 240 Week 4 Assignment To Eat or Not to Eat (UOP) 1. Assignment: To Eat or Not to Eat- Post as Attachment in Individual Forum Day 7 You are a counselor for those suffering from eating disorders. Today, you have two different group sessions: one consisting of clients with obesity issues, and one dealing with anorexia

Related Essays

Attachment Styles And Relationships Essay

1275 words - 6 pages Melanie Bertrand PSY/220 5-27-12 Adam Miller Introduction Our text states that “closeness, care, and commitment make up the stuff of which attachment and, as we will see, love are made.” (Bolt, 2004, p. 26). I have found that few things in life are absolute, but the previous statement is one of those few. From the very beginning of our lives, our need for human contact and closeness is glaringly obvious. Our attachment styles, be they

Attachment Styles And Relationships Essay

1193 words - 5 pages Attachment Styles and Relationships Jennifer Oliver PSY/220 Adam Miller Part One When you have two individuals and they share an emotional attachment, we call this an attachment style. According to Bolt (2004), there are three main elements. Care, commitment and closeness. I like to remember them easily by calling them the 3 C’s. Attachment styles start at birth. It is important to realize that although nature and nurture are both

Attachment Styles And Relationships Essay

1385 words - 6 pages . Forming these relationships and maintaining them have a great deal to do with our early attachment styles. Depending on how secure or insecure an individual is can determine their ability to give or accept certain components that build relationships. Early life disruptions to our process of attachment with parents will have major consequences for how we as adults will then deal with attachment as adults. This may show up as diminished capacity to

Eating Disorders And The Psyche Essay

714 words - 3 pages Eating Disorders and t Eating Disorders and the Psyche Jacqueline Nwaeke University of Houston Introduction Psychological disorders have long since been recognized as a serious health threat. An estimated fifty-four million people suffer from a psychological disorder of some sort. One of the most common is eating disorders, although they were not widely recognized as a physiological disorder until 1973, when Hilde Bruch published Eating