Are Nuclear Devices Global Peacemakers or Killing Devices?
Right after World War 2, after two nuclear bombs were dropped in Japan by American Aircrafts, the war gradually and eventually ended. But with it began a new kind of war called the "Cold War". It is technically not war rather tension amongst nations. The two superpowers the Soviet Union and the United States were probably the most tensed nations. Some nations took side of the Soviet Union and some decided to stay neutral. The world has been in a peace state has been and a lot more stable since the cold war has begun. But can it stay that way?
Nuclear weapons are scary and deadly. We all know that. They can wipe out a whole city ...view middle of the document...
The two Cold War rivals ultimately amassed arsenals that totaled some 60,000 nuclear weapons. The number of declared nuclear weapon states increased from one to seven.
Now in 2013, a small amount of countries have an inventory of about 30,000 nuclear weapons total, around half the amount that existed at the height of the Cold War. These weapons each possess supremely devastating power. On average, the weapons nuclear armed countries have made recently are 20 times stronger than the bombs that destroyed much of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan and killed hundreds of thousands of people during WW2. Since 1945, no nuclear weapon has been used in a conflict, even though nations, including nuclear weapons states, have fought around 100 wars in the 60 years after the first and only nuclear attack.
The development of nuclear technology created a period of impassioned debate about the dangers a nuclear arms race can cause, and proposals for ways to reduce the military actions toward first use of nuclear weapons in a situation, such as a crisis. The unprecedented destructive power of nuclear weapons as well as the complete impossibility of protecting civilian people contributed to the view that all-out war, or total war, was suicidal. Nonetheless, in the early days of the Cold War, American and Soviet military planners relied on a strategic doctrine known simply as "MAD", or mutually assured destruction, which threatened the use of nuclear weapons in response to an attack as a way to deter an enemy.