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Assisting Developing Countries Should Be The Responsibility Of Developed Countries. To What Extent Is This Statement True?

1905 words - 8 pages

Assisting developing countries should be the responsibility of developed countries. To what extent is this statement true?

Backing to the beginning of prehistoric period when early humans inhabited the Earth, the style of humane society differed substantially to the modern one. Commonly, they presented a “nomadic hunter-gatherer” behavior which “tended to be very small and egalitarian”, according to Wikipedia (2014, ‘Prehistoric’). This means that mankind was not very numerous, and the daily routine was based on survival which just basic needs were supplied by themselves with considerable effort, involving activities, such as, hunting for food, farming, manufacturing their own clothes, ...view middle of the document...

On the other hand, despite the fact that poverty lasts, statics from The World Bank show that with the advent of population growth, the number of poor people has gone in the opposite direction (Beegle, Olinto, Sobrado & Uematsu, 2013, p2). Beegle, Olinto, Sobrado & Uematsu (2013, p1) say that “the depth of extreme poverty, that is, how far the average extremely poor person is from the $1.25 per day poverty line, has fallen by 25 percent in the past 30 years for the developing world as a whole”. Nonetheless, it was not just the most disadvantaged class that was favoured by this scenario, but also the middle class as Teixeira (2013) argues that “since 1955, the average person earns three times more today than they did back then and eats one-third more calories of food”. He reiterates the information about poverty given by Beegle, Olinto, Sobrado & Uematsu (2013) as well saying that “the percentage living in absolute poverty has dropped by more than half, down to under 18 percent. If current trends continue that percent will soon be in single digits and could even approach zero in the decade of the 2030’s. The UN estimates that that poverty has been reduced more in the last 50 years than in the previous 500” (Teixeira, 2013). The rationale behind these results, conceivably, is connected to the fact that each existent individual on Earth is a great potential productive, both, intellectually and physically, conducting the entire humanity throughout the ages to a better productivity in a shorter time and fewer resources.
Indeed, poverty is still a substantial issue to be solved despite all evolution conquered up to the present time, mainly the urban poverty, which recently has taken on greater proportions since “for the first time in history more than half the world’s people live in cities. Over 90 percent of urban growth is occurring in the developing world, adding an estimated 70 million new residents to urban areas each year. During the next two decades, the urban population of the world’s two poorest regions—South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa—is expected to double”, as published by The World Bank (2011). Furthermore, according to the same source, “urbanization contributes to sustained economic growth which is critical to poverty reduction. The economies of scale and agglomeration in cities attract investors and entrepreneurs which is good for overall economic growth. Cities also provide opportunities for many, particularly the poor who are attracted by greater job prospects, the availability of services, and for some, an escape from constraining social and cultural traditions in rural villages” (The World Bank, 2011). Also, other benefits might be considered for those poor who move to large communities, besides opportunities mentioned previously, enhancing the possibility of overcoming poverty, such as, existence of a variety of knowledge and ideas, possibility of working as teams with similar goals and the available support from...

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