Assignment Two: Outline & Preliminary List of Resources
SOC100: Introduction to Sociology
January 26, 2015
Those who live in poverty stricken neighborhoods tend to turn to crime due to very little access to job opportunities among other things. Research shows that areas with the most crime tend to be in neighborhoods with the highest rates of poverty. This is not a race issue, whether the community is predominately white or black studies show that disadvantaged areas have the highest crime rates. A disadvantaged area would be an area with crowded neighborhoods, underperforming public schools, single parent homes, and poor housing conditions.
II. While some believe people put themselves in the situation and can move out of the neighborhood if they feel unsafe, others feel that they are stuck in the environment and cannot financially afford to move to a better ...view middle of the document...
Once you have a record it is hard to get a good paying job so that goes back to low income. Very few people in this environment finish school or attend college. Most end up working low paying dead end jobs and live in the same neighborhood they grew up in. Which in turn sends them back to a life of crime because they are unable to financially support their families.
* Lower-class youth commit four time more violent crimes than middle class youth.
* Poverty raises the cost of crime by at least $170 billion dollars per year
* 53% of people in prison earned less than $10,000 per year before incarceration.
* In the 1970s the United States started to do studies on this issue and found that the unemployment rate is directly linked with the crime and poverty. It has also been noted that crime prevents businesses from opening in these poverty stricken areas so that leave little to no opportunity for the people who live in this area to find work close to home. 95% of people who live in poverty do not have a car which leaves them with only public transportation to rely on.
For years now studies show that crime is higher in poverty stricken areas. Unfortunately there has not been a solution to this problem and it seems to continue to be a viscous cycle in the U.S. With the communities taking actions and different programs and opportunities available for the youth now it seems like the crime rates in these areas are lower than in the past but still much higher than in the suburbs. More children are going to college, there are more community centers offering things for the children to do and people in general are tired of living in poverty and are breaking the generational cycle.
Poverty and Crime: Breaking the Viscous Cycle. Retrieved from http://www.poverties.org/poverty-and-crime.html
Maurice, Ward (2013, October 12) Poverty and Crime: National Dialogue Retrieved from http://www.nationaldialoguenetwork.org/poverty-and-crime/
McLaughlin, Lacey (2011, October 19) The Poverty-Crime Connection Retrieved from http://www.jacksonfreepress.com/news/2011/oct/19/the-poverty-crime-connection/