A person’s ability to access health services has a profound effect on every aspect of his or her health, yet at the start of the decade, almost 1 in 4 Americans do not have a primary care provider (PCP) or health center where they can receive regular medical services. Approximately 1 in 5 Americans (children and adults under age 65) do not have medical insurance. People without medical insurance are more likely to lack a usual source of medical care, such as a PCP, and are more likely to skip routine medical care due to costs, increasing their risk for serious and disabling health conditions. When they do access health services, they are often burdened with large medical bills and out-of-pocket expenses.
Clinical preventive services, such as routine disease screening and scheduled immunizations, are key to reducing death and disability and improving the Nation’s health. ...view middle of the document...
Witnessing or being a victim of violence is linked to lifelong negative physical, emotional, and social consequences
Identify one Healthy People 2020 health indicator that applies to your specialty area in of your field of experience or a specialty of one of the Neighborhood nurses Karen.
Karen Williams is the gerontology nurse in the Neighborhood, and is very active with the senior citizens centers.
According to "Public Health Nurse" (2011), “While most nurses care for one patient at a time, public health nurses care for entire populations. By working with whole communities, public health nurses are able to educate people about health issues, improve community health and safety, and increase access to care. Advocate with local, state and federal authorities to improve access to health services for underserved communities. Nurses educate people about locally available health care programs and services to improve access to care”. (Para. 1-5).
Access to health services means the timely use of personal health services to achieve the best health outcomes. It requires three distinct steps:
1. Gaining entry into the health care system.
2. Accessing a health care location where needed services are provided.
3. Finding a health care provider with whom the patient can communicate and trust.
Access to health care impacts:
* Overall physical, social, and mental health status
* Prevention of disease and disability
* Detection and treatment of health conditions
* Quality of life
* Preventable death
* Life expectancy
Disparities in access to health services affect individuals and society. Limited access to health care impacts people's ability to reach their full potential, negatively affecting their quality of life. Barriers to services include:
These barriers to accessing health services lead to:
* Unmet health needs
* Delays in receiving appropriate care
* Inability to get preventive services
* Hospitalizations that could have been prevented