Level 5 Diploma in Leadership and Management skills
Task: Assessing your own leadership capability and performance
There are so many definitions of leadership and it is difficult to establish a specific definition;
The Oxford English Dictionary definition of leadership is:
"The action of leading a group of people or an organization, or the ability to do this."
Drucker’s summed up leadership as “The only definition of a leader is someone who has followers” whereas, John C Maxwell said “leadership is influence, nothing more, nothing less”. Warren Bennis focuses more on individual capability and defines leadership as "Leadership is a function of knowing yourself, having a ...view middle of the document...
That is unless the company is in such poor shape that it is need of a radical cultural transformation and you have been recruited to change things around rather like the work Sir John Harvey-Jones has done with a number of ailing companies.
Even though there will be many differing management and leadership styles within an organisation, the actual organisations leadership style is perceived as that of the head of the business. We have heard many times that the goals and objectives along with any changes to develop the company must come from the top down. This in itself is a rather bureaucratic statement that many employees in a wide variety of organisations still believe is the way their businesses should be run.
There are many differing theories on the styles of management and leadership which attempt to differentiate the skills, strengths and personalities required between management and leadership although it is clear from the studies of these theorists that many of the skills are applicable to both.
The leadership style of the organization will influence the culture, motivate (or de-motivate) employees, and increase or decrease the effectiveness of its employees. As stated earlier it is important to make use of a leadership style that is consistent with the goals and objectives of the organisation.
During my relatively short time with my present company compared to that of many of my colleagues I have seen numerous changes in the senior management structure that has resulted in differing styles of leadership over the years from Autocratic to Democratic
When I first joined the company, the structure of the organisation had too many levels of management and the senior management team had a very autocratic style in that the employees did exactly as they were told and failure was not an option. The middle management team hated attending meetings as they all too often ended up managers being belittled in front of their counterparts as an example.
Since those early days there has been step changes in the leadership of the organisation, the revised structure has resulted in improved communication and direction, the board are now more open to development ideas from the rest of the management team and in fact now actively include the rest of the management team in compiling the company’s business plan, which is an inspirational move which has improved morale resulting in a sense of ownership.
McGregor’s X / Y theory (1960) identified two types of people. People on the X side, hated work and wanted to be lead. However people on the Y side were driven and enthusiastic. He identified that these behaviours was a result of the style of the management.
|Theory X |Theory Y |
|We dislike work, find...