Assessing Curriculum Theory
Educational theories attempt to distinguish, understand and propose educational practices. The theories encompass many different types of instruction, curriculum methods and techniques to teach as well as policy, organization and leadership (Ornstein& Hunkins, 2014). People have different understandings of learning theories and different beliefs and opinions about how people process information and learn new material. Their beliefs may derive from personal knowledge, self-reflection, performance of others, research, and from trying to educate or convince others to adopt their way of thinking (Wang, 2012).
According to Shuell (2013) the various theories ...view middle of the document...
However, schools have to do so much more than that in the society of today (Shuell, 2013). The purpose of this paper is to identify the educational theory most useful within my work setting. Additionally, it is to write a narrative that evaluates the aims, goals and objectives and how they would support my work.
Educational Theory Narrative
Currently, in many urban school districts with a low socioeconomic status, many of the students are behind the national average in reading and math and require a lot of remediation. The students have many behavior issues that impede their learning progress. Additionally, they often exhibit a lack of social skills. In lieu of this, the best learning theory that would be beneficial to the urban school environment is the Sociocultural Theory. If more information can be gathered about the backgrounds and environments of the students, then it will help to reach them academically.
According to Shuell (2013) Lev S. Vygotksy, (1979) a psychologist in Russia was the founder of an original all-inclusive theory of human cultural and biosocial development. Based on the works of Vygotsky, Wertsch (1991) proposed three key themes that explain the basis of the relationship among the person and his or her social practices for growth and learning. The first is that the growth of a person starts from social derivations. The second theme is that human action embodies symbolism. The third theme proposed that the best way to study the first two themes is through examination hereditary or development (Shuell 2013 as cited by Vygotsky, 1931/1997, pp. 105–106).
The main idea of the Sociocultural Theory is to examine the activities that children participate in to study their learning habits and to study the ways in which learning is an act of enculturation, which is the process by which people learn how their environment and culture works. In essence, this theory relates to how people learn the values and behaviors that are important in their culture. The goals and objectives of the Sociocultural Theory are to explain the thinking and development of people based on their participation in culturally structured activities (Shuell, 2013).
As it relates to diverse learners with regard to assessment, curriculum and instruction, the Sociocultural Theory supports identifying the capabilities that are in the progression of developing and trying to foresee what the student will potentially be able to do without assistance, which can be done through dynamic assessment. Dynamic assessment is a word used to describe a number of methods that highlight guided learning to ascertain the value added of a student. Additionally, it looks at how students with the same score actually earned the score (Shuell, 2013).
As it relates to instruction, from a Sociocultural Theorist viewpoint, learning happens from the interaction, cooperation, and collaboration with others, which is indicative of a cooperative learning environment. The goal of...