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Assess The View That The Process Of Globalisation Has Led To Changes In Both The Amount Of Crime And The Types Of Crime Committed. (21 Marks)

882 words - 4 pages

Globalisation is the increasing interconnectedness between different countries and their dependence on each other. Globalisation creates new opportunities for crime, new means of committing crime and new types of offences Crime has become transnational made possible through technological advances and communication. Types of crimes linked to globalisation is arm trafficking, cyber-crimes, money laundering, terrorism etc. to what extent globalisation has led to changes in both the amount of crime and types of crime can be debated, as different sociologist hold different perspective.
It has been argued that globalisation has increased the overall crime economy, due to making the world more ...view middle of the document...

Therefore, it could be argued that it is just a switch over of countries supplying and trading, rather than an abrupt growth of the drug industry.
Taylor argues that globalisation has led to changes in the pattern and extent of crime, due to market forces. Taylor argues that there is a link between capitalism, TNCs and rapid growth in crime rate across the globe. Globalisation has created greater inequality, hence causing crime at both ends of social spectrum as it has allowed transitional corporations to switch manufacturing to low wage countries. For example, HP laptops are manufactured in China, where they can get cheap labour with lower regulations and smaller tax (corporate crime), so they can maximise profit. This has created job insecurities in Britain and other western countries, which has led to greater poverty rate. This has encouraged people, especially the poor to turn to crime. As the lack of job opportunities destroys self-respect and drives the unemployment to look for illegitimates ones. Therefore, globalisation has allowed new types of crimes to flourish and old crimes to increase. However, it could be argued that not all poor people turn to crime. Actually, majority of poor people turn to crime. This suggests that, the impact globalisation has had to different social groups have been exaggerated. Hence, this theory cannot explain the case for everyone.
The globalisation of crime has led to changes in the types of crime. For example, in the past decade there has been a sudden increase in terrorism. Before globalisation, the risk of global terrorism from groups in the other side of the world wasn’t...

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