This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Assess Sociological Explanations For The Increasing Number Of Religions And Spiritual Organisations And Movements In Society Today. (33 Marks)

1096 words - 5 pages

Assess sociological explanations for the increasing number of religions and spiritual organisations and movements in society today. (33 Marks)
Since the 1960’s there has been an increase in the number of sects and cults that are among religious organisations. There are also now an estimated 850 new religious movements. Sociologists offer many reasons for this but the main three are marginality, relative deprivation and social change. However due to the lack of consensus on how to operationalize new religious movements there is difficulty categorising them and therefore there is a complex sociological view 

In the past there have been 4 main typologies of religious organisations, church, ...view middle of the document...

A world affirming religion, like scientology, accepts the world and offers to help gain success in mainstream goals. This differs to world rejecting, such as children of god, as they do not accept societies norms for a religious alternative, often wanting to return to a more traditional form of religion. World accommodating differs to both of these as it chooses to neither reject nor accept societies view but prefer to focus on religious matter. World rejecting groups are very similar to Troeltsch’s idea of sects as they choose to break away from society. The growth of them comes from the social changed
There are three main sociological reasoning’s for the increase in new religious movement’s marginality, relative deprivation and social change. It was noticed by Troeltsch that sects tend to draw their members from the poor and oppressed. Weber also argued that world-rejecting movements tend to arise in groups who are marginal to society as such groups may feel that they are unprivileged. He argues that these religious organisations offer a solution to this problem by offering their members a theodicy of unprivileged, a religious explanation and justification of their suffering and disadvantage. However since the 1960s, these world-rejecting new religious movements, such as the Moonies, have recruited mainly from more affluent groups of often well-educated young middle class whites. Wallis argues however that this does not contradict Weber’s view as many of these individuals have become marginal within society.
Relative Deprivation refers to the subjective sense of being deprived. This means that although MC people are materially well off, they may feel they are spiritually deprived, especially in today’s materialistic, consumerist world. Wallis argues that because of this they may turn to sects and world rejecting movements for a sense of community. Similarly Stark and Bainbridge argue that world-rejecting sects offer to the deprived the compensators that they need for the rewards they are denied in this world. The privileged however need no compensators and are therefore attracted to world-accepting
Wilson argues that periods of rapid change and disrupt undermine established norms and values which produces anomie or normlessness and in response to this uncertainty and insecurity, those who are most affected by the...

Other Papers Like Assess Sociological Explanations for the Increasing Number of Religions and Spiritual Organisations and Movements in Society Today. (33 Marks)

Using Material From Item A And Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations Of Gender Differences In Achievement And Subject Choice. (20 Marks)

817 words - 4 pages external factors in influencing gender differences in achievement. Feminism strives for equality in society for men and women and has questioned the typical role of males and females in society and challenges the role of women being the housewife. Feminists have had a great influence on improving girls self-esteem and aspirations. Sue Sharpe's (1976, 1994) study supports this view, her study of girls in the 1970’s and 1990’s shows the impact that

Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere Assess the Sociological Explanations of the Nature and Extent of Family Diversity Today

555 words - 3 pages Sociological Explanations of the Nature and Extent of Family Diversity Today In our modern society, there are different types of families including, but not limited to, the nuclear family, single parent family and divorce-extended family. This has caused sociologists to argue about whether this is a bad thing for society. Functionalists and the New Right argue that without pre-set roles in families, for example the male breadwinner and female

Using Material from Item B and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations of Ethnic Differences Both in Offending and in Victimisation. (21 Marks)

833 words - 4 pages According to official statistics, there are significant ethnic differences in the likelihood of being involved in the criminal justice system. Specifically, black people are over-represented in the system. In this essay I will talk about the reasons for these differences. One of the reasons for the differences in crime statistics is put forward but left realists Lea and Young (1993), they argue that the statistics do, in fact, reflect real

Assess the Arguments and Evidence for and Against the View That Foreign Aid Is an Obstacle to the Development of the Majority World. (33 Marks)

644 words - 3 pages they need to overcome in order to reach the take off stage into idustrialisation in his ladder of development. For them to go up the ladder and get to the take off stage they need technology, infrastructure, industry, education and health. To be able to achieve this, Rostow claims that the investments from the developed countries are essential. Rober Cassens study of bilateral aid showed that aid does help as its effective in improving railways

“Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere Assess the Sociological Explanations of Changes in the Status of Childhood”

839 words - 4 pages before due to laws like this – it argues that society has finally recognised that childhood is a distinct phase in one’s life where children should be treated separately in order to maintain their innocence. Children are more valued, cared for, protected and educated due to the introduction of these various laws. For example, the child labour act of 1938 restricts children from going into paid employment and protects them from the exploitation of

Outline and Assess Sociological Explanations of Gender Difference in Patterns of Crime

2232 words - 9 pages criminality and creating new and more serious types of female criminal. She rejects the idea that female crime can be explained in biological terms. She argues that the differences in behaviour of men and women are socially determined and that changes in society have led to changes in behaviour. Adler believed that the main reason for this was that just as women were taking on what had been male social roles in the world of world, they were also taking on

Critically Assess the Relationship Between, Gender, Religious Participation and Religious Organisations (33 Mark)

2269 words - 10 pages that society should go back to older religions that focused on women. Whereas liberal feminists want women to equality in religion and believe that the differences between men and women are not natural and that they are due to men and women being socialised differently. Finally Marxists feminists believe that religion reinforces gender roles which benefit capitalism. However feminists has been criticised for ignoring improvements of women in some

Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess the Usefulness of Subcultural Theories in Explaining `Subcultural Crime and Deviance' in Society Today. (21 Marks)

782 words - 4 pages To define subculture, it’s where a number of individuals choose to be a part of a separate group that follow distinct norms and values different to those in mainstream society as stated in item A. Subcultures may contain norms and values that would be considered deviant in society and involve criminal activity. In Stanley Cohen’s view the subcultural crime and deviance today results from the inability of lower classes to achieve mainstream

Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere Assess the Postmodernist View That the Nature of Religion in Society Today Is Becoming a Matter of Consumer Choice. (18 Marks)

784 words - 4 pages become disillusioned with the stories, or metanarratives, of the major religions, with the increase in rational thinking and scientific discoveries and advancements, in science and technology, leading to traditional religion experiencing secularisation and losing influence over society and its people, with church attendance at an all-time low. At the same time, postmodernists argue that new religious movements (NRMs) are now growing, as people

Assess the Sociological Explanations of Science and Ideology as Belief Systems

732 words - 3 pages challenges capitalism but to achieve this we need the working classes to become intellectuals to fight against the inequality against them but on an intellectual level. However some argue that Marxism is just another ideology but Mannheim states that Marxism isn’t an ideology as it aims for a utopian world free of class inequality whereas ideologies only help certain groups in society who tend to be the ruling class. In conclusion we can see science and ideologies as belief systems as they are ideas developed by humans and so will always be slightly subjective to that persons personal views.

‘The mass media do not control their consumers; the consumers control the media.’ To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence support this view of the mass media today? (33 marks)

1062 words - 5 pages ‘The mass media do not control their consumers; the consumers control the media.’ To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence support this view of the mass media today? (33 marks) When looking at ownership and control of the media it is useful to study developments and trends in this context. There has been an increased concentration of ownership into a few transnational corporations. Media companies have also become

Related Essays

Assess Sociological Explanations For The Relationship Between Gender And Religious Practice And Participation. 33 Marks

828 words - 4 pages , patriarchal oppression of women isn’t universal. For example in Islam, children can choose whether to take the mothers surname or not, and the women can choose whether to keep it or not after marriage. However, Puttick argues that being born a women is seen as a punishment. This is due to women being oppressed by the religions they are a part of and the only solution is to become a submissive wife. Therefore why are women seen to be more religious than

Assess Sociological Explanations Of The Relationship Between Globalisation And Religion 33 Marks

1081 words - 5 pages Assess sociological explanations of the relationship between globalisation and religion 33 marks The world today is more interconnected than ever this is known as globalisation. Religion may be related to its global context as when societies and religions come into closer contact with one another there is potential for religious conflict and for religious diversity and change. Due to modernisation we now have more technology so there is big

Using Material From Item A And Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations Of Changes In The Status Of Childhood (24 Marks)

1247 words - 5 pages ‘Assess’ Essay Planning Sheet Name: Essay Title: Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of changes in the status of childhood (24 marks) | Underline or highlight the key concepts, terms and instructions, by identifying these key elements it will allow you to focus on answering the question. It is important to use relevant sociological terminology

Assess Sociological Explanations Of The Nature And Extent Of Family Diversity Today

1259 words - 6 pages Assess sociological explanations of the nature and extent of family diversity today. Family diversity is the theory that there are many different family types, rather than the nuclear family being the dominant type. However there are many different sociological explanations and two different conflicting views. The modernist view, and the postmodernist view. For example New Right sociologists believe that the nuclear family is the bedrock